Acid Reducers, also called antacids are alkaline drugs that are responsible for reducing the amount of acids in the stomach. It prevents and treats heartburn in your stomach. It is also used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD).
Acid Reducers are used to treat ulcers, help avoid problems in people who are at the risk for ulcers, like those who take NSAIDs, treat gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD).
What causes acid reflux?
One of the common causes is a stomach abnormality called hiatal hernia. It occurs when the upper part of the stomach and lower esophageal sphincter move above the diaphragm, which is a muscle that separates your stomach from the chest. If you have a hiatal hernia, acids can move up into your esophagus and cause the symptoms.
Other common factors that can cause acid reflux include obesity, lying down right after the meal, smoking, being Pregnant, snacking close to bedtime, drinking alcohol or carbonated drinks
Common symptoms include heartburn, bloating, burping, weight Loss, bloody Vomiting, black Stools, dysphagia
Treatment with Medications:
In various cases, lifestyle changes combined with over-the-counter drugs medicines are all you need to control the symptoms of the stomach complications.
Some common medicines include Domperidone, Famotidine, Rabeprazole, Omeprazole, Ranitidine. They are acid reducers that reduce the amount of acids formed in the stomach. It can also help heal the damage from an ulcer or inflammation of the esophagus.
Cautions about acid reducers:
General cautions for all the medications include:
- Allergic Reactions: All medicines can cause allergic reactions. This can sometimes be an emergency situation. Before you take any new medications, inform your pharmacist or allergist you’ve had.
- Drug Interactions: There are times when one medicine may keep another medicine from working well, else you may get a side effect that you don’t even expect. Some interactions can be too dangerous.
Before taking any kind of medicine, make sure to let your doctor know about your medical history.
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