Alpha blockers are the medicines that are chiefly used to treat high blood pressure which is also termed as hypertension. It also solves problems that involve passing urine in men who are suffering from an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland which is located between the bladder and the penis. The urethra is something that runs through the center of the prostate, starting from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow smoothly out from the body. Men’s prostate starts to enlarge once they hit 40 years of age. This condition is medically identified as benign prostate hyperplasia. It is a normal process of aging in men. The prostate gland serves a function of fertility as it works by secreting the seminal fluid. It effectively helps men in nourishing and transporting the sperm coming from the testicles. Prostate enlargement is also called benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH). An enlarged prostate can cause problems with passing urine like:
- Taking longer in urinating
- The unsatisfying feeling while peeing
- Dribbling urine
How do Alpha blockers work?
It works effectively by blocking the transmission of certain nerve impulses. The nerves release a type of chemical called noradrenaline whenever the nerve is stimulated. This nerve in return stimulates alpha-adrenergic receptors. These receptors are tiny in structure. When they are stimulated, they cause several effects:
- Hypertension: Alpha-blockers relax the blood vessels. They also allow blood and oxygen to circulate around your body in a more free way, lowering the blood pressure and also reducing the strain on the heart.
- Prostate Gland Enlargement: Here, the muscles that are situated around the bladder, as well as, prostate are relaxed so that a person can pass urine more smoothly and easily.
When are alpha blockers usually prescribed?
Alpha blockers are usually advised to the patients who are suffering from high blood pressure. They are prescribed only when other medicines are not working. Having hypertension can increase your risk of having a heart attack, diabetes, stroke or heart failure.
You can also take alpha blockers in prostate gland enlargement.
Common alpha blockers:
It is important to let your doctor know about the drugs you are taking. It might be interacting with some other drugs:
- Fish Oil
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin B12
Side Effects to know:
- A headache
- Pounding Heartbeat
- Tooth Problem
- Blurred Vision
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Loss of interest in sex
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