4 Diseases That Cause Hallucination

Any changes to the brain can affect the quality of life of an individual as it can affect the functioning of various body organs. Hallucinations are one of the most common symptoms that occur when any change occurs in the brain. Hallucinations are defined as a false perception of the objects or the events. Individuals who suffer from hallucinations experience things that are imaginative and not real. This means, they hear, see, smell, taste or feel things that are not present in reality.

There are many types of hallucinations, but visual hallucination is the most common type. People suffering from visual hallucination see things, people or animals that are not present in reality. Many times, visual hallucination may involve scenes that are complicated or the situations that are bizarre. Hallucinations can have a major impact on the life of the sufferer as well as the life of their family members.

Clinical Aspects Of Hallucination

1. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that affects the way an individual thinks, behave and feels. It is a serious and one of the common mental disorder. Normally, people having schizophrenia experience the changes in the behavior, perception, and the way of thinking. The symptoms of schizophrenia are categorized into thro three - positive, negative and cognitive.

  • Positive symptoms - Positive symptoms are severe and it includes symptoms in which patients having this disease are unable to distinguish between imagination and reality. It includes symptoms like hallucination, delusion, movement disorders and thought disorders.
  • Negative symptoms - Negative symptoms are categorized as social withdrawals or difficulty in showing emotions. It includes symptoms like having trouble experiencing happiness, showing no facial experience, and talking in a dull voice.
  • Cognitive symptoms - Cognitive symptoms are serious and it affects the way an individual lives. It includes symptoms like difficulty in making decisions, difficulty with concentration, and problems in using knowing information.

There are various factors that can cause schizophrenia such as genetics, environmental factors, and brain chemistry. It is believed that schizophrenia runs in a family. If one or both parents have schizophrenia, the risk of having schizophrenia in a child increases. An exposure to the virus can also cause this disease. Lastly, there are certain brain chemicals that can contribute to the development of this disease.

2. Charles bonnet syndrome

Charles bonnet syndrome is basically a term which is used when people start to see things that are not present in reality. In simple terms, visual hallucination is the characteristic feature of this disease. Charles bonnet syndrome is caused in the people who have lost of a sight and see things that are not present. People having charles bonnet syndrome see two kind of things:

  • Some repeated pattern or shapes
  • Complex hallucination such as objects or people.

People having this disease experience a wide variety of images. These hallucinations often fit into the surrounding of a person. It can be bizarre such as vivid colors, fairies or dragons. The relationship between vision and occurrence of hallucination is that when the vision is lost, the brain do not receive many pictures. As a result, the fantasy pictures or the old pictures that are stored in the brain are released and experience occurs as though they were real.

 Also Read : Do You Know About The Personality Disorders?

3. Psychosis

Psychosis is a psychiatric disorder which has a direct impact on the mind of an individual. It is defined as a condition in which an individual interpret things that are not real and are different from things around you. It includes hallucination and delusions. It may include things like:

  • Seeing things that other people can’t see such as an animal or a person.
  • Experiencing tastes and sensations such as something is crawling on the skin.
  • Hearing things that others can’t hear such as someone is calling them.

Delusion is also common in people having psychosis. Delusion is defined as a condition in which an individual has a belief that other people do not share such as they may feel that they are the richest and the most powerful. Psychosis can have a major impact on an individual and it is accompanied by various problems such as:

  • State of confusion
  • Anxious
  • Fatigue
  • Always frustrated

4. Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder is a type of personality disorder which affect the way individual things, behave and feels. Multiple studies have stated that many people having borderline personality disorder experience the episodes of hallucination. People having borderline personality disorder experience emotions that go up and down. These people find it difficult in maintaining relationships. One of the reasons why borderline personality disorder is associated with hallucination is that many people having this type of personality disorder are more likely to experience other mental problems as well such as depression, and anxiety. These mental disorders are to some extent responsible for the episodes of hallucination in people having a borderline personality disorder.