There are approximately 100 billion neurons that make up the human brain. All of these neurons are not active in an adult. Surprisingly, babies are born with all the neurons in the activated forms.
- During the first year, the neurons connect with one another double time and create numerous synapses, up to a trillion of them.
- The synapses are for your child's understanding of the world. Once your baby crosses a year, the brain grows double in size. At this time, more neural connections are made.
- It is the best time to take advantage of brain development and practice cognitive skills. Try to expose your infant as much as possible, while allowing the same time to rest the brain during sleep.
- Enhance playtime, and also participate with your child. Even if the baby does nothing, just observing the world around us, is enough to stimulate the brain and produce neurons.
Hug Your Baby To Boost Brain Adaptability
Maternal reassurances given to a baby during stressful time enables the baby to have a larger brain than the ones who are deprived of the nurturing and care. Stress modulation and memory retention are all regulated by the hippocampus of the brain, which is found to be physically larger and helps in the development in children who consistently receive life support and care from their mothers, particularly during stressful situations.
However, do not spoil your child with excess love especially when they are experiencing it off time. For example, if he/she is sick, suffering from a cold or bidding goodbye to you or taking the first bath. You can just hug him, and make him feel that you are present for his stressful situations and that both of you will manage it together .
Babies Are Dreamies
Out of the 24 hours in a day, a baby spends nearly 18 to 20 hours shutting the eye in sleep - the stage during which the dreams are more likely to occur.
Whatever a baby dreams are strictly visual, because of their incapacity to understand language. They also have little chances of having nightmares, considering most children don't have an actual fear until they are 2-3 years old. When a baby cries in the middle of the night, he is probably experiencing a night terror and not a bad dream.
Night terrors happening to a baby are actually partial arouses that happen as your baby transitions from one sleep state to another. The reason for a night terror is not known completely, however, the best way to get it back to sleep is by hugging and ensuring your presence.
Babies have brains similar to that of a dog
Being unable to understand the human language, a new-born can only focus on objects within 12-15 inches away. That is why when you hold the baby close to your face, it tries to touch your face and feel the sensation.
- When the baby is young, one of the first reliable sources of information that a newborn baby can process in their mind is the smell of something. This is a common factor that even dogs rely on.
- Some babies are so particular about the smell of their mother, that they refuse having bottled breast milk or breast milk provided by another woman.
- Crying babies, when away from the mother can be made quiet by giving cloth or an item of the mother that has her smell.
- A healthy fully grown baby who is born vaginally is known to squirm towards the breast when placed on the mother's belly. This is because the baby is able to smell the source of food just like a puppy.
- Precisely a baby's brain is hardwired in a specific sense, so it is advisable to not apply strong perfumes or extreme smelling lotion that can drive their nasal sensors to produce strong impulses.
No Matter What Your Child Does, His Memory Is The Wisest
The hippocampus is the part of the brain, responsible for cognitive ability and memory retention. In a newborn the hippocampus is 40% developed and by the time a baby is 18 months old, it gets fully developed. A typical newborn baby finds it easy to recognize the voice of the mother or the father, because of the cognitive ability of recognition.
By the time he is a month old, your baby may get adapted to the time when you choose to feed him. Therefore if you are not punctual at the feeding time, your baby may start crying. By the time your baby is 4 months old, he will be able to identify a person by their face. This emerging memory development is why doctors advise setting up cognitive routine and identification tasks for newborns.
To help the brain develop further, try to read out your baby while preparing him for bed. Although it may seem to be funny because the baby will not be able to understand, certain parts of the brain will receive neurological responses and as such it will make your baby adapt to the growth easily.
Physical Touches Are Responsible For Strengthening Babies' Synapses
Stronger neuronal connections and regular touch from the mother results in overall well being of the child. It has been proved through research that babies who are deprived of motherly care and motherly touch during the first six to eight months, experience negative health effects. This results in:
- Low body weight
- Emotional disorders, and
If you are a working mother and you find it difficult to leave your child, because they suddenly start crying when you prepare to leave the house, it is a sign of long-term memory development. Research states that children who cry from being away from the parents, signals that the child has a clear memory and can form an emotional association of his or her mother and father being around.
New-born children may experience a condition called hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, where the brain is deprived of adequate oxygen supply. A hypothermia treatment that results in cooling the brain has a neuroprotective effect that is needed.
Without the treatment, the child may develop cerebral palsy. Hypothermia works towards reducing energy metabolism, thereby the low amount of glutamate and excitatory neurotransmitters are formed relieving the baby of sudden shocks and pressures.