If you are a diabetic, you must take extra care of your skin. Diabetes is the fastest growing, chronic disease. It could affect any part of your skin. When diabetes affects your skin, that probably means that the sugar level in your body is very high. There could be other reasons as well if you are having skin problems:
- Your diabetes is still not diagnosed, and it’s showing strong effects in the body.
- Your medications or treatments need to be adjusted.
A study has been conducted, that shows that by 2050, 1 out of every 3 Americans will have diabetes. Even diabetes skin problem can happen to healthy people.
There are 5 major skin problems that are mostly found in diabetics:
1. Patches on skin: When diabetes affects your skin, there is a sign of diabetes rashes, or blisters, skin sores. This problem starts as a small red pimple on the skin. Gradually, it starts swelling and the skin around it gets hard. The patches around it usually are brown or red.
Other changes in that region are also visible:
- The affected region has a shiny appearance.
- You can see the blood vessels.
- The skin is extremely painful and itchy.
What should be done in order to avoid it:
You should take following measures to treat such condition:
- Consult your doctor and get advice.
- Check your diabetes, if the results are positive, get the proper treatments.
- See your dermatologist, and tell him your problem.
This is the really serious problem, and need to be treated immediately so as to avoid the complications.
2. Fungal Infections: These are usually caused by Candida Albicans which are usually yeast-like fungus that creates itchy rashes of moist skin surrounded by blisters. These blisters tend to form on hands, legs and usually look like the blisters after the sunburn. The only difference between both of them is that blisters in diabetics are not painful as compare to the burning ones. There are many other fungal infections also that occur in diabetics like ringworm, athlete’s foot, vaginal yeast problems etc.
Steps to take for prevention of fungal infections:
- Talk to your doctor about the blisters and tell him about your infections as well.
- Ask your doctor about how you can get rid of these infections.
- Take all the precautions prescribed by your doctor.
3. Vitiligo: It is a skin complication in which the cells that make melanin (a pigment that gives color to the skin) gets destroyed leading to the irregular, blemished skin that occur on hands, chest or facial area. Diabetic Dermopathy is another problem due to which skin can appear as red often around the region of legs. It is not painful at all. Although, its cure still remains unknown, it has often been associated with type 1 diabetes.
Measures for the prevention of Vitiligo:
- If you also have skin discoloration problem, it is advisable to wear a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF( Sun Protection Factor), because the skin that has been depigmented has no natural sun protection.
- Keep consulting your doctor regularly and follow all the pieces of advice that he gave.
4. Skin Problems related to Neuropathy: Neuropathy is a common complication among diabetics. Neuropathy means damage to nerves. In this, prolonged exposure to high blood sugar can damage delicate nerve fibers in your body. It also weakens the walls of the capillaries. Therefore, in this, if you injure your foot, you won’t be able to feel it. You may also get open sore which is called a foot ulcer and get affected.
What to do with such issue:
- Take proper care of your feet and make sure that they are not blistered.
- Consult your dermatologist in case of any serious skin problems.
5. Eruptive Xanthomatosis: At first, they usually look like pimples. The only difference is that unlike pimples, they are yellow in color. They usually erupt in buttocks, thighs, elbows, face etc. They are usually itchy. They usually strike young people with high cholesterol level and high fat in the blood.
Treatments for Xanthomatosis:
- Do make sure to tell your doctor about your condition, because it only occurs when you have uncontrolled diabetes.
- Ask your doctor about the ways you can prevent this infection.
- The best treatment otherwise will be getting your blood glucose level down.
- Your doctor might also prescribe some drugs to lower your cholesterol level and triglycerides.
- You can also take other drugs to control fat level in your body.
Is it necessary to see your dermatologist if you are a diabetic?
When the level of blood glucose gets high, your body produces more urine so as to get rid of extra glucose. In that case, your skin starts getting dry which could lead to the risk of developing skin infections. There are other infections also that arise if you are diabetic for which you are required to consult your doctor to get an advice. Although, it is better to keep the blood glucose under control, so as to make the treatment of diabetes more effectively.