Children get as many as 25 vaccines within 15 months of their life alone. Early vaccines are one of the best ways for your child to fight against any kind of diseases that can be dangerous for infants as well as very young children. By keeping your child vaccinated, you can keep your child, family, and community healthy. Children must be immunized against about 16 diseases including measles, mumps, hepatitis, tetanus, diphtheria etc. It is necessary to talk to the pediatrician about the vaccines that your child need which will help him fight infections.
There are 5 most important vaccines that should be given to your child as soon as it gives birth:
1. Hepatitis B: This shot is the most important one that needs to be given right after the birth. It protects against an incurable, virus that infects the liver and can be transferred to baby from the mother if she is infected. It spreads through contact with blood as well as other body fluids. One of the most common side effects is the slight fever. This shot protects your child from developing liver and cancer from hepatitis B. This vaccine is very safe.
2. Chickenpox: A highly contagious rash, that everyone remembers from childhood is caused by the varicella virus. This vaccine was first licensed in 1995. Chickenpox infections are extremely dangerous for adults who don’t have the immunity from the vaccine or haven’t had it in their childhood. This shot is given to children at 12 to 15 months and then again between 4 to 6 yrs. This vaccine can cause soreness at the site of the shot, or a mild rash in some cases.
3. Polio: Inactivated polio vaccine(IPV) is the only vaccine for polio that you should give to your child if you want to prevent permanent paralysis. It is usually given at ages 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months, and 4-6 years. It is being used in the United States since 2000. Some of its side effects include fever, redness as well as soreness at the side of the injection. This vaccine is not recommended if your child have a severe allergy to neomycin or other allergic reaction. In that case, consult the pediatrician.
4. Influenza: This vaccination is given each year starting in the fall. It is offered to a kid as a yearly nasal spray that helps in protecting against flu. It can be an unpleasant condition with some serious complications like bronchitis and pneumonia. Children should have this vaccine at the age of 2 or 3. Primary school-aged children should also be offered this vaccine in order to protect them from any kind of diseases.This vaccine has few side effects like a runny nose, redness or swelling at the site of the shot.
5. Hepatitis A: Children can catch Hepatitis just by sharing food or drinks. They are even exposed to this infection by putting something contaminated in their mouth.It’s a viral infection that affects the liver, and also can cause a number of symptoms, including fever, tiredness, jaundice as well as loss of appetite etc. It is generally given to kids of age between 12 to 23 months. Few of the side effects include soreness where the shot was given, headache, loss of appetite etc.
You should also ask the pediatrician about the ways in which all the vaccines should be handled with their kids. You could get all the vaccinations from an online pharmacy. The vaccine works only when it is given before an infection. Therefore, it is recommended to give kids a proper vaccine before they could become sexually active.