Everyone might have heard about a hernia. It is a common condition where an organ starts pushing out through an opening in the muscle that is responsible for holding it in its original place. It usually develops between the chest and hip area. It causes a bulge in the abdomen or the groin area. Still, people, remain unaware of various things.
We have compiled 5 most common questions that people generally ask:
Q1. What are the common hernia types?
A1. Some common hernia types include inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia as well as incisional hernia. Inguinal hernia is the most common hernia that has the probability rate of about 70%. It affects the intestine and make a spot or hole in the lower abdominal wall. It is more common in men as compared to women. Umbilical hernia occurs commonly in children and babies that are under 6 yrs old. This type happens when their intestines bulge through their abdominal walls near their belly button. When we talk about incisional hernia, It occurs usually when you have had some abdominal surgery.
Q2. What are the causes?
A2. A hernia can be congenital or develop in those that have a weak abdominal wall. They could also be caused when there is chronic coughing, damage due to injury, failure of abdominal wall etc.
Q3. What are the symptoms?
A3. There are various symptoms that could persist and make you aware that there is something wrong with your body. They are:
- Pain or discomfort in the affected area
- Burning sensation at the site of the bulge.
Q4. How is hernia diagnosed?
A4. Through a proper physical examination, the hernia is diagnosed. Your doctor may look signs of a bulge or any irregular swelling in the body. It could also be diagnosed with a barium X-ray or endoscopy. In an endoscopy, a small camera is attached to the throat, into the esophagus and stomach and all the activities analyzed. These tests allow a doctor to see the internal location of the stomach. Your doctor may also perform an ultrasound which uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image inside the body.
Q5. What are the treatments?
A5. If you need any treatments or not, it all depends on the type and severity of a hernia you have. There are various prescriptions as well as over-the-counter medications available that effectively treat a hernia. The doctor may also recommend you to undergo surgeries in order to cure the problem. It can be repaired with laparoscopic surgery that uses a tiny camera and some surgical equipment to repair.
Q6. How can you prevent a hernia?
A6. You cannot prevent the weakness of muscle due to which a hernia occurs. You can reduce the strain to avoid getting the situation worse. You can quit smoking as well as drinking alcohol. If you maintain a healthy body weight and avoid lifting heavy weights, you can prevent the symptoms getting worse.
That’s all for this article. Share it with your friends and family to create awareness. Stay fit Stay healthy.