Abdominal pain is a challenging complaint but it is also a most ignored pain. Whenever one feels pain in the stomach it is often felt that the pain will get better in some time. Stomach pain is not always due to the gas related problems or because of overeating. There are some serious health problems that could be the reason for abdominal pain. If you have a pain that comes and goes, just don’t live with it. It can be a warning side for any chronic disease. Some of the diseases that affect the abdominal part include
1. Peptic Ulcer
The peptic ulcer is a serious medical problem and it is a problem of the gastrointestinal tract. It usually occurs in the stomach and it develops when the lining of the stomach is damaged. When it occurs in the stomach, it is also known as the gastric ulcer. It can also occur in the first part of the small intestine or in the lower esophagus. Every year in the United States, a large number of people are diagnosed with the gastric ulcer and most of the patients rages in an age group between 25 and 64. The gastric ulcer is usually characterized as waking up at night with upper abdominal pain and the pain get worsens with eating. Bloating, nausea, vomiting are some other symptoms of this disease. The peptic ulcer occurs due to an imbalance between the aggressive factors such as pepsin and gastric acid and defensive factors such as bicarbonate and gastric mucus. There are many factors that can develop ulcers and some of them include, stress, NSAIDs, diet, and some other health problems as well.
2. Irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common gastrointestinal condition which includes abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. The changes in the bowel habits can be experienced in the form of diarrhea, constipation, both or maybe none of them. Some of the factors that can be the cause of irritable bowel syndrome include a sensitivity of the intestinal tract, altered level of chemicals within the body, and having a family history of irritable bowel syndrome can also be a high risk factor of developing irritable bowel syndrome. An increased sensitivity to the functionality of the bowel function is said to be responsible for the discomfort and the contradictions in the bowel muscles. There is no cure for irritable bowel syndrome but medications and several lifestyle changes can help in reducing the symptoms of this disease. Adding fiber to the diet is one of the easiest ways to control the discomfort caused by this disease. Fiber helps in the normal functioning of the intestines as it increases the intestine motility and reduces constipation.
Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of an acute surgical abdomen and it is a condition that occurs due to an inflammation in the appendix. It is a small tube like structure that is attached to the first part of the large intestine. The cause of the appendix is considered to be an onset of bacterial infection and obstruction of the appendiceal lumen. This increases the pressure in the intraluminal and leads to an interruption of lymphatic flow. It can be caused by a blockage of the hollow portion of the appendix.
Gallstone is a condition in which the hard fatty deposits form in the gallbladder, a small organ which is located below the liver, between the chest and the hips. It stores bile and before releasing it in the intestine it is concentrated. Bile plays a vital role in the digestion of fatty food but when bile becomes thick and forms a lump, it is known as the gallstone. Most of the people having gallstone have no symptoms but when it blocks the bile duct, a pain in the right upper part of the abdomen is experienced. The causes if the formation of gallstone include
- If bile contains too much cholesterol
- Deficiency of bile salts
- Gallbladder does not empty completely
- Excessive bilirubin
Also, there are two types of gallstones
- Cholesterol stones - These stones primarily consists of hardened cholesterol and are usually yellow green in color.
- Pigment stones - These are made of bilirubin and are dark in color.
Numerous studies suggest that women are more likely to develop this disease because they have extra estrogen that increases the cholesterol level and decreases gallbladder contractions.