Asthma is counted as the most non-communicable diseases affecting somewhat more than 339 million people in the entire world in the year 2016. The asthma cases have been increasing with the increase in time. Such non-communicable chronic disease of the air is common among children.
In 2016, there were 417,918 deaths because of asthma at the global level, and 24.8 million DALYs(disability-adjusted life year) were caused due to asthma, says WHO.
At the time of an asthma attack, the lining of the bronchial tubes gets swollen. As a result, the airway becomes narrow, making it difficult for the air to flow through the lungs. However, difficulty in breathing makes your respiratory system weak and increases the risk of getting infected with COVID-19.
Recurrent asthma attacks also increase the threat of coronavirus as asthma and COVID-19 severely affect the respiratory system. On the other hand, asthma has a relatively low fatality rate as compared to other chronic diseases. Still, its symptom can make a human body weak, which is in favor of the coronavirus.
25 million Americans have asthma, this doesn’t mean all will get affected with COVID-19, says the Asthma And Allergy Foundation Of America. Remember, having asthma doesn’t mean you will be positive for COVID-19, but yes, it increases the risk of getting favorable to coronavirus.
Are Asthma Patients At A Risk Of COVID-19?
People with severe to moderate asthma are at a higher risk of getting favorable to COVID-19, says The Center For Disease Control And Prevention. COVID-19 mainly attacks the nose, throat, lungs (respiratory tract); asthma affects the same organs and systems, resulting in pneumonia and acute respiratory disease.
Not all asthma patients need to be COVID positive, but they are at a higher risk of getting positive for the virus.
Asthma Patient Preparation For COVID-19
Since all asthma patient are at a higher risk of getting the coronavirus, here are some preventive measure every asthma patient should keep in mind:-
- Do not skip your medicines, and make sure you have a stock of your medications.
- Remember necessary precautions, such as washing hands frequently, maintain physical distance, at least 6 feet (about 2 arm lengths) from other people.
- Make a habit of wearing masks.
- Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds or make a habit of using hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
- Avoid international travel, especially through the cruise.
- If someone has COVID-19 in your community, do take necessary preventive measures.
- In case someone in your home is sick, help them resolve their symptoms, but learn first to help yourself.
What To Do If an Asthma Patient Has COVID-19?
The condition may become worse if an asthma patient becomes positive for the coronavirus. Here are some points to be remembered in such a case:-
- Being an asthma sufferer, if you feel optimistic about COVID-19, go for a medical test. This will help you and your doctor to know the level of severity of the infection.
- You can contact 111 coronavirus service to know the best possible ways to deal with COVID-19 infection.
- Inform them about your medical conditions, such as asthma. They will help them according to your medical condition.
- Inform people that came into your contact with the past 48 hours. Keeping it secretive can be a threat to them. As a human being, you should inform those people.
- Else you can also log into the NHS Test and Trace service website, where you can provide information about people you recently met.
- Remain to stick to your asthma treatment punctually, which will help you lower your asthma symptoms and reduce the risk of coronavirus infection.
- If you are tested positive for COVID-19 and have an asthma attack, call 999 for medical help and inform them you have COVID-19 symptoms.
- Do not have any doubt about using your inhaler; continue using it as directed by the doctor. It will only help you in relieving severe symptoms.
- Remain in contact with your doctor. If you experience severe symptoms of COVID-19, talk to your doctor, or else you can contact online medical service, 111.
- Be frequently active for both the medical conditions; asthma and COVID-19.