The normal life of a human being gets hampered when he gets to know that he has been diagnosed with Asthma. Many of them don’t even know about it. Asthma is a common lung problem that causes additional breathing complications. It affects people of all age groups but generally, children are more likely to suffer from asthma. Technically, there is no cure for asthma, all you have to do is prevent it. It has some simple treatments that help in keeping the symptoms under control and also make sure that it does not threaten the life of an individual. Sometimes, there is also a possibility that children may grow out of asthma, but for others, it might be a lifelong disease. It causes inflammation in your lungs and narrows down the airways through which the air passes to the lungs. It is chronic disease that also narrow down the bronchial tubes which is the passage that permits air to enter and leave out of the lungs. For some, it is a minor problem but for others, it could be a major problem that interferes with the normal lifestyle of a human being. The symptoms of asthma can’t be cured but they can be controlled with proper medications.
Some symptoms that help you in diagnosis:
The prime symptoms include:
- Tightening in chest
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Difficulty in breathing
- Shortness of breath
What are the causes?
It may be caused due to exposure to allergen like pollens, dust mites or irritants in the air like smoke, chemical fumes etc. Extreme weather conditions may also be one factor for a person getting asthma. Exercising sometimes can also make you susceptible to having asthma. People with family history of the disease have more likely chances of getting affected with the illness.
Its symptoms can occur at any time. Sometimes, a strong physical display of emotions like shouting, crying or laughing may trigger asthma. It has also been found that rapid breathing is also associated with the strong display of emotion which can worsen the situation. The symptoms can occur anytime and when your condition worsens, it often leads to asthma. People who experience this sickness may experience stress disorders. It could affect their lives. An allergist can help you realize the early signs of an attack.
How do you diagnose the problem?
Asthma is generally diagnosed after analyzing the history of your patients and the symptoms that are visible. A physical exam, test results etc are conducted to diagnose the problem.
Physical Exam: In this test, the doctor will listen to your breathing and look for the signs of asthma or any kind of allergies. The signs may be shortness of breathing, tightness in chest, wheezing etc.
1. Allergy Testing which tests that what kind of allergy has affected you.
2. Lung Test that measures how sensitive your lungs are.
3. Electrocardiogram that tests what foreign things are affecting your system.
How to treat?
Asthma is a kind of disease that has no cure. All you can do is prevent the symptoms and stop it from getting worse.
Some good measurements for controlling asthma will be:
1. Since exposure to pollens or air pollution could trigger your asthma, therefore it is advisable to limit your outdoor activities when the chances of these things happening are high.
2. If you could get affected by animal fur, keep them out of your room or home.
3. Sometimes physical activities like exercising could trigger asthma.
4. You should avoid anything that can give boost to the symptoms
5. There are various medicines that are helpful in reducing the effects of asthma. Most of them are taken in an inhaler that give the patients quick relief from asthma attacks.
6. Sometimes, people need to take long-term medicines to help getting rid of symptoms. The drugs help in reducing the inflammation and blocking of airways.
7. Some medicines like beta2-agonists open the airways and help in improving asthma effects.
It is necessary to consult the doctor as soon as you feel any of the symptoms of asthma. If diagnosed early, it could be more effectively regulated as compared to the one that is diagnosed in a very later stage.