The term binge is itself negative, anything that is binge can never be healthy. The binge is a term that is used to indicate the indulgence in any activity in excess. Binge eating disorder is a serious medical condition that requires consultation from a doctor and is characterized by the loss of control on the quantity of food consumed.
Individuals who suffer from binge eating disorder overeat from time to time and ends up eating more than they should have. They lose control over their eating. Binge eating disorder is characterized by a wide range of symptoms such as:
- Eating faster than normal.
- Eating even when not hungry.
- Feeling of guilt after eating.
- Avoiding eating with others due to embarrassment.
There are three different types of eating disorders and binge eating disorder is one of them. Binge eating is similar to another eating disorder, Bulimia Nervosa, but it does not involve purging or other compensatory behavior like bulimia nervosa. Research suggests that women are more likely to suffer from binge eating disorder as compared to men and in the United States, around 3% of women are suffering from binge eating disorder.
According to one of the studies, the process of binge eating can be divided into four stages:
Stage 1 - Tension build up - This is the very first stage of binge eating in which is characterized by the feeling that bothers you and demands for relief.
Stage 2 - Tension release - This is that stage of binge eating in which a person releases its tension by binge eating. A person is relief in this stage.
Stage 3 - Post binge - In this stage, a relief is soon replaced by the occurrence of symptoms that cause health problems such as diarrhea, headache, and nausea.
Stage 4 - New beginning - It is characterized by the feeling of disappointment that might be followed by the thought of a diet.
Binge eating disorder is associated with a significant reduction in the quality of life of the sufferer as it is associated with both psychological and physical suffering. Many people feels this condition to be a shameful one. Low self esteem is a commonly occurring psychological problem with this eating disorder. Many people feel distressed due to overeating and their out of the control feeling towards the food. This makes it difficult to manage mood and other feelings, resulting in a negative or sad mood and other feelings.
Binge eating disorder not only affects psychologically, but it also affects physically. It is associated with the development of various health problems, ranging from mild to severe. Most commonly, binge eating disorder is associated with obesity. People who are involved in behavior like binge eating tends to be obese and overweight.
Obesity is defined as a metabolic disorder which is characterized by the accumulation of excess fat in the body. The buildup of fat in an obese is to such an extent that it affects almost every part of the body. Obesity is known to be a result of the imbalance between calorie intake and energy expenditure. In other terms, when the intake of calories is more than the required by the body, it starts to get accumulated in the body. Energy expenditure helps to maintain only the required amount of calories in the body. But when the calories exceed the requirement, fat accumulation occurs.
Binge eating disorder is strongly associated with the intake of a high number of calories, excessively more than the required number of calories. As a result, the imbalance occurs and makes a person obese.
Obesity is one of the most common disorder, affecting millions of people. Although obesity is a single disease, its effects are wide. Binge eating disorder also increases the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease.
The risk of developing the cardiovascular disease is extremely high in people who are binge eaters. These people are obese which doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease. The correlation between binge eating and cardiovascular disease is primarily due to the association of binge eating with hypertension and high blood cholesterol which are the two most common causative factors of cardiovascular disease.
Binge eating leads to an increase in blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries. High blood pressure or hypertension occurs when the force against the walls of arteries becomes higher than normal. As the pressure increases, its effects on the heart also increases.
Binge eating is also associated with high low density blood cholesterol level. Cholesterol is a fat like substance that we primarily get from the food that we eat. Increase in the intake of food is directly associated with an increase in the intake of cholesterol. Cholesterol is of two types - High density lipoprotein (good cholesterol) and low density lipoprotein (bad cholesterol), binge eating leads to an increase in low density lipoprotein and a decrease in high density lipoprotein, causing the build up of fat in the heart. As a result heart disease occurs.
Binge eating causes various changes in the body, including an increase in the blood glucose level.
High Blood glucose level is one of the common complications of binge eating. Overeating can have a significant impact on the glucose level in the blood and over time, it could lead to the development of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder which is characterized by high blood glucose level which affects almost every part in the body, increasing various health risks. Food is the main source of glucose in the body. When the intake of food increases, the level of glucose also increases in the body. Insulin is the main hormone in the body that regulates the glucose level in the blood. Increase in glucose level due to binge eating leads to a lack of insulin in the body, as a result, diabetes occurs.