Knowing Bleeding Disorder

Bleeding disorders are not new, many people across the world are suffering from different types of bleeding disorders. Some are very common, while some are not.

Bleeding is defined as a loss of blood from the blood vessels, which can occur internally, where the bleeding occurs from the blood vessels inside the body, or externally, where the bleeding occurs from a natural opening such as a nose and vagina.

Here is the list of some of the bleeding disorders:

1. Epistaxis

Epistaxis, commonly known as nosebleed is the most common bleeding disorder which most often is not dangerous. It can occur anytime to anyone, but it is more common in children. A nosebleed occurs when the tiny blood vessels lining the inside walls of the nose are injured. These blood vessels are very sensitive and prone to get injured easily.

Most often nosebleed results from dryness and nose picking. There are many causes of nose bleed other common causes may include:

  • Infection in the lining of nostrils
  • Cold
  • Flu
  • Bump
  • Constipation that cause strain
  • Certain medications

Most often nosebleed is not dangerous, but sometimes it can be. The severity of nosebleed largely depends on the source of nosebleed. Most often nosebleed occurs from the front part of the nose and bleeding stops after few minutes. This source is not dangerous. But sometimes nosebleed occurs from the large blood vessels that lie on the back of the nose. This source of nosebleed is dangerous.  

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2. Von Willebrand disease

Von Willebrand disease is defined as an inherited bleeding disorder which occurs due to the deficiency or defect in von Willebrand factor which leads to the impairment if platelet adhesion or reduces the concentration of blood clotting factor VIII, resulting in bleeding.  Von Willebrand factor is a plasma protein which mediates the initial adhesion of platelet and it also stabilizes the blood clotting factor VIII. Von Willebrand disease is of three types:

  • Type 1 - It is the most common type of von Willebrand disease which is characterized by the partial quantitative deficiency of von Willebrand factor.
  • Type 2 - This type of von Willebrand disease is characterized by the qualitative deficiency of von Willebrand factor.
  • Type 3 - It is characterized by the virtually complete deficiency of von Willebrand factor.

Von Willebrand disease is accompanied by a large number of symptoms and some of the most frequently occurring symptoms of this disease include recurrent nosebleeds, gingival bleeding, menorrhagia, and heavy and prolonged bleeding after childbirth.

3. Postpartum hemorrhage

Hemorrhage is a medical term used for bleeding. Hemorrhage that occurs within the first 24 hours postpartum is defined as an early postpartum hemorrhage while excessive bleeding after this time is defined to be a late postpartum hemorrhage. Postpartum hemorrhage is a disorder which is characterized by excessive bleeding and is associated with greater morbidity.

Bleeding after having a baby is very normal and it comes from the area of the womb where the placenta was attached. Bleeding begins with a heavy flow but within a few hours it becomes less. But sometimes, bleeding remains heavy for hours after giving birth to a baby, and that a problem.

When a mother loses heavy blood for the first 24 hours after giving birth to a baby, it is known as primary postpartum hemorrhage. When a mother continues to bleed excessively between 24 hours and 12 weeks, it is known as secondary postpartum hemorrhage. In postpartum women, it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of considerable blood loss.

4. Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is one of the common menstrual problems in women these days, and it is estimated that 10% to 30% of women of reproductive age suffer from this problem. Menorrhagia is a medical term used to describe heavy menstrual bleeding. It is a disabling menstrual period loss that interferes with the physical, emotional, and social well being of a woman.

Normally a woman bleeds for five days, but when a woman bleeds for more than seven days, she is considered to be having heavy menstrual periods. There is no single cause of bleeding excessively, there are many factors that could play a role in the development of menorrhagia, such as hormonal imbalance, hormonal imbalances, certain health problems such as endometriosis, and uterine growth. Any women of reproductive age can suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding, but the risk of suffering from it increases with advancing age.

5. Thrombosis

Thrombosis is a medical problem which is characterized by the formation of a blood clot within the vasculature. There are many causes of the formation of a blood clot such as damage to endothelial and problems in the normal blood flow in the body. Endothelial damage can be caused by various reasons such as an inflammation in the blood vessels.

Thrombosis leads to the formation of a blood clot inside the blood vessels, as a result, it affects the supply of blood to the parts of the body, including heart and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Generally, thrombosis is defined depending upon the type of blood vessel that is affected such as arterial thrombosis and venous thrombosis.


 

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