Among all the systems, the nervous system is still a mystery as there are many compilations related to it that have no specific reasons for their occurrence. With the help of case studies, medical science has managed to cure some complications, but nobody has a specific answer when it comes to reason.
Do you know approximately 6.5 million people of the United States suffer from an unruptured brain aneurysm, one in every 50 US citizens? When the counting comes in years, about 8-10 people out every 100,000 people experience rupture of an artery in the brain.
The human brain is already a complex organ, and its every small tissue's delicacy makes it more complex to understand. Even a small pin like damage to any of the cells or tissue can severely affect the human body and can be fatal.
The brain is covered with a skull and any leakage of blood in the brain will damage the cells and all of them because of the blood it will release. That blood will get trapped between the brain and the skull, making the condition more severe within no time. This will damage the injured part of the brain and the entire brain where blood will get a clot. Now you can imagine the height of injury happens in the brain haemorrhage.
What Does Stats Say About Brain haemorrhage?
According to the brain aneurysm:-
- Women are more likely to develop brain haemorrhage than men(3:2 ratio), especially those over 55 years.
- Brain haemorrhage has been found to be fatal in almost 50% of the cases and the rest who survived, 66% of them lived with a permanent neurological condition.
- Not only this, 15% of the people who got injured died before being hospitalized.
- A small injury of about ⅛ inch nearly to one inch can be fatal in 20% of the cases.
- The federal government spends 83% research on brain aneurysm for each person afflicted every year.
- Brain haemorrahge can also lead to a stroke, which is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States, says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
What Is A Brain haemorrhage?
A brain haemorrhage is a medical term which refers to bleeding in the brain. It is also known as a brain bleed or intracranial haemorrhage. It is a case of immediate treatment. The skull covers the brain, and any bleeding will get clot between the skull and the brain. As the blood starts spreading, it will start damaging the brain cells and increase the chance of death.
The excessive oxygenated blood flow in the brain will try to compress the brain and will lead to swelling or cerebral edema. Hematoma, a part of the brain which supplies oxygen to the brain, gets blocked because of excessive blood flow.
What Causes Brain haemorrhage?
Some of the incidents can lead to the occurrence of a brain haemorrhage, such as:-
- Head trauma or injury
- A cerebral aneurysm(weakened bulge in a brain artery)
- Severe hypertension
- Blood vessel anomalies
- Blood or bleeding disorders
- Liver disease
- Brain tumor
- Consumption of illicit drugs
Age plays a vital role in the case of a brain haemorrhage. It mostly occurs in people aged between 35 to 60 years but can also happen with children as well. The occurrence of a brain haemorrhage varies in different age groups. Brain haemorrhages are most likely to occur in older adults after the age of 40 years.
In children's cases, most of the intracerebral haemorrhage happens due to anomalies in the blood vessels. Other possible causes include blood diseases, brain tumours, septicemia, or the use of alcohol or illicit drugs.
Brain haemorrhage can also occur in infants as a result of birth injury or blunt force trauma to a woman’s abdomen during her pregnancy. Brain haemorrhage symptoms and treatment are very much similar in both adults and children. Brain haemorrhage treatment in children depends on the location and the severity of the haemorrhage.
Children are more likely to recover from brain haemorrhages with better outcomes as compared to adults because their brain is still in the state of developing.
Is a Brain haemorrhage Painful?
A brain haemorrhage can result in various different symptoms, such as sudden tingling, weakness, numbness, or paralysis of the face, arm or leg. Such symptoms usually occur on one side of the body only.
Other symptoms includes:-
- Sudden, severe headache
- Difficulty while swallowing
- Difficulty in vision
- Loss of balance or coordination with the movement
- Confusion or difficulty in understanding things
- Difficulty in talking or slurred speech
- Stupor, lethargy, or unconsciousness
It is necessary to recognize these symptoms quickly in order to treat it as soon as possible. Severe health complications occur because of a brain haemorrhage that prevents the nerve cells from communicating with other parts of the body.
The brain haemorrhage symptoms depend on the site of the injury in the brain, but usually, such injury affects movement, speech, or memory issues.
Based on the location of haemorrhage and its severity, the complications it may may cause are as follows:-
- Feeling of numbness or weakness in part of the body
- Difficulty while swallowing, or dysphagia
- Loss of vision
- Reduced ability to speak or understand words
- Confusion or memory loss
- Personality change or emotional problems
How Do You Treat A Brain Haemorrhage?
In most of cases, surgery is required to treat severe brain haemorrhage. Surgeons may perform surgery to relieve some of the pressure caused by the blood on the brain. In the case of burst cerebral aneurysm, the doctor may go for craniotomy. It is a medical procedure in which the surgeon removes the injured part of the skull and clips the artery.
There are other brain haemorrhage treatment options, such as anti-anxiety drugs, anti-epileptic drugs, and other medications to control symptoms like seizures and severe headaches.
There is a chance of brain haemorrhage recovery but the case should be treated as soon as possible. But still the person should go for rehabilitation to help an individual adjust to life after a brain haemorrhage where the patient have to go through:-
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Speech therapy
- lifestyle changes to limit the risk of another haemorrhage
Brain haemorrhages can be life-threatening and require urgent treatment and some cases extended rehabilitation if required. Some other medical complications, such as diabetes, can increase the risk by making the condition severe.
The bitter truth is an inch of injury is enough to take your life. It is very necessary to make people aware of these facts, please consider sharing such articles during the month of Brain Aneurysm Awareness(September).