Some Common Men's Health Disorders
The prevalence of sexual dysfunction in men is increasing at a high rate and there are many factors that are responsible for sexual dysfunctioning. There are many different men’s health problems that are common and throws adverse effects on the quality of life of men as well as on his partner.
1. Erectile dysfunction
The prevalence of erectile dysfunction is increasing rapidly and this condition not only affects the physical well being but it also affects the psychosocial well being. Erectile dysfunction significantly affects the quality of life and it is defined as a man’s inability to have a satisfactory penile erection. Both the peripheral and the psychological nervous system play a role in the process that causes a penile erection. An increased blood flow into the penis is required to achieve a satisfactory penile erection and there are many factors that affect the blood flow into the penis and leads to the development of erectile dysfunction. Some of the factors that are very common include smoking, drinking, diabetes, stress, depression, and anxiety. It is essential to note that erectile dysfunction can be a sign of some serious underlying condition such as heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
2. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a medical term which is used to describe the condition of an enlarged prostate. A prostate is a gland that lies underneath the bladder and surrounds the tube through which men passes urine. An enlarged prostate is very common in men after the age of 50 and it leads to the narrowing of the urethra which further slows down or stops the flow of urine. There are many factors that cause an enlarged prostate, advancing age and hormonal changes are the most common cause of the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia. This prostate disorder can develop in men of any age but it is more common in older people. As men get older the risk of developing benign prostatic hyperplasia increases but many men who get prostate disorder at the age of 50 might not experience all the symptoms of this disorder. Also, the balance of the hormones changes with an advancing age and these changes trigger the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Some of the common symptoms of this disorder include frequent urination, weak urine flow, dribbling urine and blood in the urine.
Peyronie’s disease is a condition of hardening of tissues in the penis and in this condition men feel the lump at the point where the penis curves. A plaque or lump forms on the lining of the erectile tissue that holds much of the blood in the penis during erections. Peyronie’s disease is generally believed to be the result of injury or repeated injuries to the penis and these injuries don’t always cause pain when they occur. Also, healing can take place spontaneously with the formation of scar tissues and these scar tissues lead to the shortening of an erection, curvature, and other deformities. Peyronie's disease begins with swelling or inflammation which hardens into the lump and the lump can be formed on the upper or lower side of the penis. These lumps are non-cancerous but it creates difficulty with erections and normal sexual activity and throws negative impact on both emotional and physical well being.
4. Premature ejaculation
Premature ejaculation is one of the common male sexual dysfunction and it can be defined as an inability to control the timing of ejaculation that leads to increased sexual anxiety, performance anxiety, and reduced confidence. The process of premature ejaculation includes emission and expulsion. The release of semen through the penis is controlled by the brain. When a man reaches a certain level of excitement, the brain signals the reproductive organs and causes semen to rush out of the penis. In this condition, an ejaculation begins sooner than a man wants and it happens before or shortly after an intercourse. Premature ejaculations are of two types: lifelong premature ejaculation and acquired premature ejaculation. Lifelong premature ejaculation is a condition when the man had no control of ejaculation from the time of first sexual intercourse. Acquired premature ejaculation occurs when there has been a period of natural functioning before the premature ejaculation begins.
5. Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the prostate gland which lies underneath the bladder. Generally, cancer is defined as a condition in which the normal cells of the body becomes abnormal and causes uncontrollable growth. The prostate gland is responsible for secreting one of the components of semen. Cancerous cells in the prostate lead to the formation of masses of abnormal cells which are known as tumors. Prostate cancer is of many types and most of the prostate cancer grows slowly but there are some prostate cancers that grow quickly and are more likely to spread to other parts of the body. Painful ejaculation, a pressure in the rectum, and difficulty having an erection are some of the symptoms that occur in prostate cancer. Urinary symptoms do not necessarily mean prostate cancer because benign diseases like benign prostatic hyperplasia also have similar symptoms.