An autoimmune disease is a condition which arises when the immune system of the body fails to work normally and mistakenly attacks the healthy cells of the body. It has been believed that there are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune disorder can be described under three conditions.
- Damage or the destruction of the tissues
- Alteration in the growth of an organ
- Alteration in the functions of an organ
It is the function of the immunity system to keep us safe from any foreign substances and when it fails to do the functions properly, it affects many organs of the body. It can lead to many skin diseases or can cause thyroid disorder etc..
1. Inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease belongs to the inflammatory conditions that involve an interaction between the genes, immunity system and the environmental factors. In this condition body’s immunity system attacks the digestive system of the body. This abnormal reaction of the immunity system leads to this disease related to colon and small intestines. Normally the immune system attack and kills the bacteria, virus, fungi and other micro organism but when the immune system leads to an inappropriate response to the intestinal tract, it leads to an inflammation. The Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the two most common inflammatory bowel disease. These diseases cause chronic inflammation and damage to the gastrointestinal tract. Any part of the gastrointestinal tract can be attacked by Crohn’s disease but it mostly affects the ileum which is the end of the small intestine. On the other hand ulcerative colitis attacks only to the large intestine and the rectum.
Psoriasis is a long time skin disorder that is that can occur due to an autoimmune disorder. It involves skin and nails and it causes great physical, emotional and social burden. Psoriasis results in the patches on the skin that are red, itchy and scaly and the size of the patches can vary from small to the one that covers the large part of the skin. There are five types of psoriasis
- Plaque psoriasis - It is also known as psoriasis vulgaris and it is the most common type of psoriasis. It is characterized as red patches with white scales on top.
- Guttate psoriasis - It is characterized as a drop shaped lesions.
- Pustular psoriasis - This type of psoriasis is characterized as non-infectious pus filled blisters.
- Inverse psoriasis - In this type red patches are found on the folds of the skin.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis - This type of psoriasis can develop from any other type of psoriasis and this occurs when the rashes on the body become widespread.
3. Graves disease
Graves disease is also known as toxic diffuse goiter and it affects the thyroid of the body. It is an autoimmune disorder that is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. The immune system produces antibodies that lead thyroid gland to produce excess thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the back and graves disease leads to an overactivity of the thyroid gland. According to the researchers, stress could cause an aggravation of the autoimmune response and this can further results in graves disease. Some of the symptoms of this disease include sleeping problem, muscle weakness, fast heartbeat, diarrhea, weight loss etc.. This disease is more common among females as compared to males and people between the age of 40 to 60 are mostly attacked. But, this disease can begin at any age. Also, it has been seen that many people who suffer from graves disease also develop eye problems.
4. Lupus erythematosus
Lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that affects many parts of the body parts such as joints, heart, lungs, blood cells, skin etc.. This disease occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the healthy tissues of the body. The symptoms of this disease vary from person to person but joint pain and swelling are the common symptoms that everyone faces when they suffer from lupus erythematosus. Other symptoms a person might experience in lupus erythematosus are sensitivity to sunlight, hair loss, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, fever, dry eyes etc.. Systemic lupus erythematosus is the most severe form of lupus erythematosus. Lupus can attack the people of any age but people aging between 15 to 44 are more likely to be attacked by this disease.
There are many other diseases as well that can occur due to autoimmune disorder but these are the most common autoimmune diseases. Share it with your family and friends and create awareness. Stay Safe, Stay Healthy!!