Though the health status of women has improved in the last few decades but still women’s health is one of the major concern. Biological and social factors affect the health of women throughout their life and throw a long time effect on their life. It is essential to have a knowledge of the health problems that have become very common among the women.
1. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most diagnosed type of cancer in women and it is one of the leading cause of cancer death for women. This type of cancer develops from the breast tissue and it is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of the cells in the milk producing gland of the breast. It can start from different parts of the breast but most of the breast cancer begins in the ducts. Ducts carry milk to the nipple. The symptoms that can be the sign of breast cancer include the lump in the breast, dimpling of the skin, change in breast shape, and an inverted nipple. There are many factors that can lead to the development of breast cancer and some of them are obesity, lack of physical activity, ionizing radiations, hormonal exposure and a late first pregnancy.
2. Ovarian Cancer
Ovaries are the pairs of organs that are the part of a female reproductive system and each ovary is located in the pelvis. One ovary is located on the left side of the urethra and the other one is located on the right side of the urethra. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that forms in or on an ovary. There is more than one type of ovarian cancer and the ovaries are made up of three types of cells, epithelial cells, stromal cells and germ cells. Cancer cells can start in each type of the cell. At an initial stage, one might not experience symptoms but as it progresses symptoms such as abdominal swelling, bloating, pelvic pain, and need to urinate urgently are more noticeable. There are many risk factors that raise the risk of getting ovarian cancer are estrogen replacement therapy after menopause, inherited genetic factors, advancing age and obesity.
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Endometriosis is a serious condition that affects the women during reproductive years and in this condition the layers of the tissue that covers the inside of the uterus and grows outside of it. This displacement of the endometrial tissue leads to an irritation in the pelvis and can also lead to infertility. The symptom of this disease vary from person to person as many women who suffer from this disease may not experience any symptom. Whereas on the other hand, some women can experience severe menstrual cramps, painful intercourse, and chronic pelvic pain. Endometriosis cannot be diagnosed through symptoms alone, medical tests are required to diagnose this disease. There are four stages of endometriosis, minimal stage, mild stage, moderate stage and a severe stage.
4. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that affects many women every year and it is a condition that affects the periods, fertility, hormones and the physical appearance. Symptoms of this disease vary from person to person as one woman can have mild symptoms whereas the other one can be affected by the severe symptoms. Some of the symptoms that most of the women experiences include, irregular periods, weight gain, an increased facial and body hair, thinning of hair and reduced infertility. High level of androgen and high insulin level in the body is believed to be the main cause of PCOS. In women, testosterone is produced in a small amount but women suffering from PCOS have a high level of testosterone in the body.
5. Cervical Cancer
According to the survey, every year in the United States thousands of new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed. When cancer starts in the cervix due to an abnormal growth of cells, it is known as cervical cancer. At an initial level, there might not be any noticeable symptoms but later symptoms like pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, and pain during sexual activity are experienced. Most cervical cancer starts in the cells lining the cervix. The normal cells of the cervix first develop precancerous changes and that later turns into cancer. Some of the risk factors that are associated with cervical cancer are smoking, weak immune system, and human papillomavirus infection.
6. Urinary tract infection
Many research suggests that one in every five women suffers from urinary tract infection. When the part of the urinary tract is infected it is known as urinary tract infection. When the lower urinary tract is infected it is known as a bladder infection and when the upper urinary tract is infected it is known as a kidney infection. The symptoms of the bladder infection include problems with the urination and the symptoms of kidney infection include fever and flank pain. Urinary tract infection happens when the germ or the bacteria gets into the urinary tract.
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