Do You Know About The Personality Disorders?
We all have a different personality. Personality is basically defined as a way in which an individual thinks, behave and feels. In simple terms, personality can be defined as the traits of an individual and when these traits start causing problems, it becomes a personality disorder. A person is said to be suffering from a personality disorder.
A personality disorder affects an individual to a great extent and it affects the way an individual cope with life. It causes difficulties in managing relationships. Personality disorders are associated with an impaired way of thinking and feeling about oneself. It affect various functions of the body. There are total ten types of personality disorders such as:
1. Paranoid personality disorder
Paranoid personality disorder is a disorder whose features are considered to be extreme and maladaptive. Trust issues are most common in paranoid personality disorder as patients having this disorder feels that other person is lying to them or are using them. Some of the characteristic features of paranoid personality disorder include:
- They find it hard to confide with people.
- Experience difficulty to trust people
- Thinks that the partner is unfaithful, without any evidence
- They are eager observers
- Have recurrent without any justification.
- They often hold grudges.
- Read threats and danger
2. Schizoid personality disorders
A schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and patients having this disorder have a restricted range of expressions of emotions. These people are driven into hiding by fear and then experiences a deep and sequestered loneliness. People having schizoid personality disorder have no interpersonal relationships and they do not even desire to seek out those connections. They like to have restrained interactions and social relations. Some of the traits of people having schizoid personality disorder are:
- Are emotionally cold toward others.
- Have the least interest in sexual activity.
- Do not like any interference from others.
- Prefer to be alone.
3. Schizotypal personality disorder
A schizotypal personality disorder is a problem in which an individual finds difficulty in establishing and maintaining a close relationship with others. People having this type of personality disorder experience an extreme level of discomfort in relationships and they also experience unusual beliefs or delusions. Delusions can lead to their beliefs in paranormal and superstitious. Some of the common traits of people having schizotypal personality disorder include:
- Believes that they have special powers such as sixth sense.
- Finds difficulty in maintaining relationships.
- Feels anxious
- Behaves in an unusual way.
4. Antisocial personality disorder
An antisocial personality disorder is a condition in which an individual behaves dangerously and put themselves in risky situations. They fail to understand the consequences of their actions. Many times people having this type of personality disorder act impulsively and recklessly. They are often viewed as an irresponsible in their relationships and work habits. Some of the common traits of people having antisocial personality disorder include:
- Are aggressive.
- Feels no sense of guilt.
- Behaves in an unpleasant way
- Sometimes conduct illegal work.
- Believes that they are the strongest.
5. Borderline personality disorder
A borderline personality disorder is characterized by frequent mood swings, means that a person having this type of personality disorder experience emotions that are up and down. These people tend to see things in extremes, such as its all good or it is all bad. Most often, due to the traits, they find difficulty in maintaining relationships as their feelings are too intense and unstable. Some of the common traits in people having borderline personality disorder include:
- Get very angry and finds difficulty in struggling with it.
- Have fear of being rejected.
- Are often alone.
- Sometimes they have suicidal thoughts
- Have unstable emotions.
6. Histrionic personality disorder
A histrionic personality disorder is defined as a pattern of excessive emotional behavior and people having this disorder also have attention seeking behavior. These people always seek to be center of attention and when they do not receive any attention, they feel uncomfortable. They are very sensitive towards the way they look. Some of the traits of people having histrionic personality disorder include:
- Are easily influenced by others.
- Wants to be the center of attention.
- Are dependent on the approval of others.
- They often flirt with others.
- Changes emotions rapidly
7. Narcissistic personality disorder
A narcissistic personality disorder is a type of disorder in which a person has an inflated sense of self-importance and such people always believe that they are superior to others. They believe that they are better and more deserving than others. They care less about other people and always put their needs on top and do not think about others. They are not sensitive towards the emotions of people and they may exploit the needs of others to fulfill theirs. Some of the traits in people having narcissistic personality disorder include:
- They lack empathy
- Have over confidence
- Take advantage of others
- For no reason, they believe that they are special
8. Avoidant personality disorder
The avoidant personality disorder is characterized by the pattern of a feeling of extreme sensitivity towards what people think about them. Most often, these people are seen to be shy and quiet. They have a desire to get into a relationship but the feeling of rejection empowers it. They are constantly worried about being found out and rejected. Some of the common traits in people having avoidant personality disorder include:
- Avoid social gatherings
- Avoid friendships
- Feels themselves to be inferior to others
- Often feels lonely and isolated
9. Dependent personality disorder
The dependent personality disorder is a pattern which begins in the childhood and it is characterized by the pattern of submissive behavior and the need to be taken care of. Normally, people having dependent personality disorder finds difficulty in making decisions and they often require an advice to take any decision. They feel to be weak and needy and can’t function properly without any help or support. Some of the common traits in people having dependent personality disorder include:
- Afraid of being left alone
- Have low self confidence
- Their actions are dependent on others
- Agree to things they feel are wrong.
10. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder
Obsessive compulsive personality disorder is characterized by orderliness, perfectionism, and control. People having obsessive compulsive disorder personality disorder attempts to maintain control by following the rules, list, and they repeatedly check for errors. They prefer everything to be perfect and to ensure perfectionism, they need to keep everything under control and in order. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder is different from obsessive compulsive disorder. Some of the traits in people having obsessive compulsive personality disorder include:
- Expect everything to be perfect
- They set unrealistically high standards.
- Excessive worry about the mistakes