CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is an emergency and lifesaving technique which uses chest compressions and artificial breathing to someone whose breathing or heartbeat has stopped. CPR is effective in saving a life because it keeps the oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other organs until proper medical treatment can be provided for steady heart rhythm. If CPR is not performed, the person can die within 8-10 minutes due to the lack of oxygenated blood in the brain, resulting in brain damage.
Though CPR isn’t guaranteed to work, it can still help to avoid many unexpected deaths. Knowing the basics of performing CPR can be beneficial for everyone around you. Even if the person is untrained in performing a CPR, they can still begin with hands-only CPR (Chest compressions).
Why is CPR important?
More than 3,50,000 cardiac arrests happen outside the hospital, which gives away a good reason to learn how to perform CPR. Nearly half of the people who suffer from cardiac arrests are unable to get any help before they are able to receive proper medical treatment.
Does it require formal training?
Although there are courses available in CPR, even education or proper knowledge about performing it would be enough to save a life. A hands-only CPR needs to be performed on the person by pushing down hard and fast in the center of the chest at the rate of 100-120 pushes a minute.
The first move should always be to call an ambulance so that the person can receive professional help as soon as possible. You only need to continue giving CPR until help arrives or until a person with formal CPR training is present in the place to take over the situation.
What is an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)?
An AED is a medical device which is used in SCA(Sudden Cardiac Arrest) emergency to analyze the heart’s rhythm and restore it through electronic shocks if needed. During CPR training, a person learns all about AED and how to use it effectively on the patient. During an emergency, as an SCA can occur at any time and anywhere, a CPR-certified person can get the AED if possible and proceed with the medical support.
The device measures the rhythm of the heart and delivers a shock to the person to correct the rhythm or to restart the heartbeat, which may need in severe cases. The device usually gives the warning to stay clear while the shock is delivered to the victim. If CPR is necessary, the device will provide the instructions to continue with CPR.
Why opt for CPR training?
With the struggle of acquiring the skills, It could seem unnecessary and wastage of time, but learning CPR can actually pay off in the long run as it offers numerous benefits, including:
1. Save someone’s life
Having knowledge of CPR reduces the risk of loss of life in case of emergencies as performing a CPR can give more time to the patient until professional medical help is provided. CPR helps the blood to keep flowing in the person’s body and to the vital organs to keep them alive. During a cardiac arrest, this procedure can preserve the individual’s brain as CPR enables to supply oxygen to the victim. The importance of this idea is exhibited by looking at the stats - that nearly 70 percent of Americans are unable to provide any help in the case of a cardiac emergency because of their inability to perform CPR or due to improper training which restrains them from initiating the procedure.
2. Make a difference for the Cardiac Arrest Victims
92 percent of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) victims die before they make it to the hospital. According to the American Heart Association(AHA), CPR can double or even triple the chances of the victim surviving a cardiac arrest. During a cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating, which stops the blood flow to the brain and other parts of the body, which are essential for the survival of the person. Learning to perform CPR can help in reducing the number of deaths due to SCA. Even one person can make a difference in this situation and increase the survival rate of SCA victims worldwide.
3. Become more valuable
What would you do if the person sitting next to you suddenly goes into cardiac arrest? Or one of your co-workers in your company? Knowing how to perform CPR makes you a more valuable person around the people, and this could be another skill you could add to your portfolio. Being able to provide immediate support when needed, displays your courage and experience and may encourage others to learn these skills as well.
4. Add one to the CPR-certified individuals
As estimated by the American Heart Association(AHA), there’s a 40 percent survival rate for cardiac arrest victims in the communities which provide programs including CPR and AED. A CPR certified person has all the skills required to meet an important need by providing the required medical support to save a person’s life.