Do you know that excessive sweating can be a sign of an underlying disease??

Yes!! Although sweating is normal and a part of everyday life, when sweating becomes excesisve, intolerable and interferes in the daily activities, it becomes harmful for an individual and needs immediate action and treatment.

In medical terms, excessive sweating is known as hyperhidrosis and it is defined as a condition in which an individual experience excessive sweating that affects the face, palm, soles, and armpits. Usually, it occurs at least once in a week and affects both side of the body.

Excessive sweating can cause social, emotional and occupational disability and this problem is not very common among people. In fact, a large number of people are not aware that sweating can also be a problem. Multiple studies suggest that most often, hyperhidrosis is primarily due to other medical disorders such as anxiety disorders or phobias. The symptoms of hyperhidrosis include visible sweat, wet clothes, sticky handshakes that can be embarrassing and it interferes with work.

The treatment of this symptom or a condition depend on its underlying cause and if an underlying cause can be treated, this condition can also be cured. Some of the conditions that can cause excessive sweating are as follows:

1. Hypoglycemia

We all are aware that when the high blood sugar level of the body becomes too high, it causes various health problems and leads to the development of the disease known as diabetes mellitus. But, when the blood sugar level in the body becomes too low than the normal level, it is equally dangerous for the health as it is associated with various health problems.

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood glucose level occurs when the blood glucose level drops below the normal level. Glucose is an important source of energy for the body that comes from the food we eat. . It is associated with a wide range of symptoms such as sweating, hunger, nervousness, shaking and many more.

2. Generalized anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder is a serious anxiety disorder in which an individual experience persistent and excessive worry that goes on most of the day. Patients who have generalized anxiety disorder have no clue how to stop their worry cycle and feels that their worry is behind their control. Generalized anxiety disorders are common and it greatly affects the quality of life of an individual as it interferes with the working of daily activities. It is characterized by persistent worry and is accompanied by symptoms like restlessness, extreme tiredness, problems with concentration, irritability, disturbed sleep, sweating, trouble swallowing and frequent urination.

Sweating is one of the common symptom of this type of anxiety and whenever an individual experiences worry attacks they find excessive sweating. Generalized anxiety disorder affects both men and women and it develops slowly. Most often, it begins during the teen years and young adulthood. Sometimes, generalized anxiety disorder runs in the families. Also, it is believed that several parts of the brain as well as biological process may play a role in the development of this anxiety disorder. Anxiety is a normal part of human life but it is normal only if it is not interfering with the everyday work.

3. Leukemia

Leukemia is a condition which is defined as an abnormal proliferation of blood cells in the bone marrow and blood forming organs. Leukemia is a type of cancer that targets the blood. The blood contains different types of cells and the normal life cycle of these cells is controlled by the bone marrow.

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Leukemia is of four types:

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia

Primarily bone marrow has two main jobs. Firstly, to form myeloid cells and secondly to form lymphocytic cells, a cells that are part of the immune system. The leukemia is said to be lymphocytic if the cancerous changes takes place in the type of marrow cells that forms lymphocytes. Whereas, the leukemia is said to be myeloid is the cancerous cell change takes place in the type of marrow cells that forms red cells, some white cells and platelets.

Genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors are some of the factors that can contribute to the development of leukemia. Cigarette smoking is a potential risk factor for many cancers and it is also associated with leukemia. Some of the common symptoms of leukemia include fatigue, appetite loss, shortness of breath, excessive night sweats, pain in joints and problems with vision.

4. Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is also known as an overactive thyroid and this is because hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces thyroid hormone in an excess, more than the body needs.

Thyroid gland is a gland which is located in front of the neck and is vital for various functions that are performed in the body. The thyroid hormones are vital for the body but at the same time, when the production of these hormones are in excess or are more than the body need for the normal function, it start throwing negative impact on an individual. Hyperthyroidism is associated with various symptoms, including excessive sweating. Other symptoms may include  irregular heartbeat, trembling hands, irritation, muscle weakness, and loss of scalp hair.