A collection of more than 100 diseases comes under the category of Cancer. The development of cancer can happen to any person at any place in the body. Every place where it occurs is known by a special name.
What exactly is Cancer?
The fundamental unit of the body is Cell. It combines to form tissues which further form organs in the body. Any disturbance to the cell may disturb the whole formation of organs in the body and restrict their growth.
Sometimes, cells start growing abnormally and they can’t be controlled as well. The old cells that are formed do not die and hamper the transportation system in the body. When the deadly cells start crowding the healthy cells and start getting collected, they form a tumor. These tumors in the body become cancerous. There might be some tumors that do not spread in the body and may not be harmful.
The cancerous tumors are extremely fatal. Those tumors spread to different places in the body. When the tumors become big, they divide and get transported through the blood. These harmful tumors are a threat to life.
How does it spread?
With the increase in the tumors, they get transported to various parts of the body through blood. The bloodstream carries these cells, when they bifurcate into new lethal cells, the process is commonly known as metastasis.
There is also a possibility that cancer spread to the distant parts like bones, lungs, neck etc. Different cancer develops and is named after that area like lung cancer, breast cancer or mouth cancer.
What are the early signs?
Different kinds of cancer have different signs that emerge like
In blood cancer, the symptoms are:
- Loss of appetite
In throat cancer, the signs may be:
- Mouth ulcers
- Enlarged neck lymph nodes
- Pain in air
In lung cancer,
- Pain in chest and ribs
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Swollen lymph nodes
Breast cancer may show:
- Abnormal nipple discharge
- Pain in breasts
- Puckering of the skin
How to diagnose?
It is important to diagnose the symptoms of cancer earlier as the later stage increase the risk factor.
The treatment begins from the very moment when a patient visits the doctor with the unusual signs. It is important to tell your doctor all your medical history so that he may be sure about the diagnosis. If a person shows no symptoms, that does not mean that he may not have cancer.
Some tests are done on the patient to confirm the diagnosis like:
- Pap Test
In all these tests, a biopsy is the most accurate to find whether a person has cancer or not.
If the person is diagnosed with cancer, it is necessary to start the treatment as soon as possible. There are different therapies that are done by doctors to treat cancer like:
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone Therapy
- Targeted Therapy
A person’s financial, mental and social life may all go into a state of turmoil. The diagnosis could impact a person’s mental well being. Change of mood is a common thing for them.
They go through some mental changes like:
- Difficulty in concentration
- Emotional Change
- Change in appetite
- Loss of interest in social activities
With early diagnosis and proper treatment, it could be made clear that what stage is patient at if he has cancer and what should be the proper medications and steps to be taken for the treatment. With patience and correct treatment, it could be treated and a person could live happily.