Every person gets wisdom teeth at a certain age. In some, it may develop early and others may get it late. These teeth are sometimes a valuable asset to the mouth that looks perfect when aligned with other teeth. Wisdom teeth are the third as well as the final set of molars that grow at the back of your mouth. They often grow in crooked, sideways or misaligned order that can cause a problem in the positioning of other teeth. They can crowd and damage them due to which they require extraction. These teeth generally appear between the age of 17 to 25 years. When one of them doesn’t get enough room to fit in normally, it is considered impacted. They become twisted as well as displaced. There are various degrees of impacted wisdom teeth. They can be enclosed in soft tissue where the crown of the tooth penetrates through the bone. Sometimes, the tooth erupts partially, where some of its parts remain within the jawbone. Complete impaction takes place when the tooth is entirely encased by jawbone. It does not have much of the symptoms. If signs do arise, it may be because of the placement of gum on the top of the tooth that is causing the problem. In that case, the symptoms are a headache, jaw ache, swollen and bleeding gums, bad breath etc. If you also experience these symptoms, it is recommended to visit your dentist and tell him about your problems.
How to figure out if you have wisdom teeth?
You can go to your doctor and get a check-up to find out whether you have got wisdom teeth or not. You can ask your dentist about the correct positioning. He can take an X-Ray to evaluate the presence and misalignment of the wisdom teeth. If you experience some signs like swollen and bleeding gums, painful gums, headache, swelling around the site, your doctor may recommend you for the extraction of the wisdom teeth as they might be causing problems. Extraction is easier in young people as compared to older ones as young generation’s roots are not fully developed. For the extraction, the specialist called oral maxillofacial surgeon will recommend oral anesthesia. It is not much of a painful process.
After removal of the wisdom teeth, your doctor may ask you to bite down a soft piece of gauze for about 45 minutes in order to limit the bleeding that might occur after the extraction. If you feel prolonged pain, you must visit the dentist. The recovery of your extraction also depends on various factors. One of them is the degree of the difficulty of extraction.
Some complications also may arise after the removal:
1. Paresthesia: Dental paresthesia is one of the common complications that could occur after the removal of wisdom teeth. It involves a situation where the tissues around the mouth experience a prolonged tingling sensation as a result of nerve trauma. Nerve damage can be caused by the tooth when it is forced against the nerve or the instruments that are used to remove the bone tissues. The risk also correlates with the actual positioning of the tooth in the jawbone.
2. Dry Socket: It is a rare condition that could arise after the removal of wisdom teeth. The hole in the bone where the tooth has been removed is called socket. After the extraction, a clot is formed in the area that protects the bone and nerve underneath. Sometimes, there occurs a situation where the clots get dislodged after some days of the removal leaving the nerves and bone exposed to the environmental factors like air, water, dust leading to infection and pain. The dentist generally treats it by placing the medication in the socket.
One of the infection that could arise near the wisdom teeth is Pericoronitis. It is an inflammation of the tissue that surrounds a partially erupted wisdom tooth. It commonly affects the young people. The symptoms include painful, swollen gum tissues that might be difficult to bite down catching the swollen tissues between the teeth, muscle spasms in the jaw etc. It is usually diagnosed during the clinical exam and can be managed with antibiotics and other home remedies. The prevention can be done by taking care of the teeth by regularly brushing and flossing properly.
This is all about wisdom teeth. Hope you like the article.