You must be familiar with the virus that has gained popularity because of its disastrous effects on human health, Coronavirus. The name of the infectious disease caused because of it is known as Coronavirus disease(COVID-19).
Many people may get infected because of it and manage to recover without any special treatment even after experiencing mild to moderate respiratory illness. But this is not the same for older adults, especially people suffering from cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, etc.
This article is all about those diseases that trigger Coronavirus and may lead to COVID-19. The ideal way to deal with this virus is to know about its disease and ways to prevent it. This article is especially for the people who are already suffering from some of the unhealthy health conditions.
Coronavirus has resulted in 8,610,071 cases all over the world, out of which 2,264,220 cases are from the United States. The U.S is at the apex position of the list of COVID-19 cases. The number of cases is still increasing with time. A team of investigators chosen from the eight institutions of the U.S and China investigated 85 patients of COVID-19 who died due to multiple organs failure.
The team observed some common things in a maximum of them, such as 72.9% of them were male with a median age of 65.8 years with some health complications, such as Hypertension, Coronary Heart Conditions, and diabetes. Additionally, 81.2% of them found a very low level of eosinophil. It is a type of white blood cell(WBC).
This indicates that such a number of people had a weak immune system. Another evidence added confirmation to this fact that the majority of them were consuming antibiotics, antivirals, and glucocorticoids, or interferon-alpha-2b which stimulates the immune system.
Till now, you must have got an idea about Coronavirus and the health complications that triggers it. Let’s move on to the next section that will brief you on this topic along with some preventive measures.
Some medical complications that increase the risk of getting infected from COVID -19
Some unhealthy medical complications increase the threat of being affected by Coronavirus and result in COVID-19, such as:-
1. Asthma: People suffering from severe to moderate asthma are at higher risk of getting affected by the virus. Asthma causes respiratory attacks and may also lead to pneumonia or other severe illness in the respiratory system. As a result, Asthma patients have a weak respiratory system, and this increases the risk of developing COVID-19.
However, some preventive measures will help you to deal with these complications, such as:-
- Regularly follow your asthma plan.
- Monitor your condition regularly and keep it under control
- Continue using your medication including inhalers and steroids
- Get familiar with the measures of asthma, medications, and ways of using it
- Avoid asthma triggers
- Know some preventive measures for asthma patients, such as:-
- People with asthma should be present at the place cleaning and disinfecting products are being used.
- If you have asthma, try to use minimize the usage of disinfectants that causes asthma attacks.
- An asthma patient should have their windows open or use fan so better flow of air.
- Always follow the instructions mentioned on the asthma products.
- Avoid using cleaning products directly on any house objects, use it on cloth first if the product label allows doing so.
2. Chronic Kidney Disease: People having chronic kidney disease have a weak immune system and therefore, are more likely to infection and severe illness. As their body is already struggling to manage kidney failure; and coexisting conditions like diabetes.
Because of a weak immune system, the chance of being infected by the Coronavirus increases. Even though some extra preventive measures can help you to deal with the situation, such as:-
- Do not make a mistake of missing any treatment while being of dialysis.
- Consult with your doctor in case you feel sick or any symptoms of unhealthy health conditions.
- Apart from treatment, try having enough food that is best for your medical condition
3. Chronic Lung Disease: Suffering from diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and cystic fibrosis may put you in a higher risk of developing COVID-19. Such chronic lung diseases infect your respiratory system, which is one of the major health complications in such a situation. It is because an infected respiratory system may cause flares-up of COVID-19.
In case you fall under this category do take special preventive measures in order to prevent yourself from Coronavirus:-
- Be regular with your medication, including those with medicines containing steroids.
- Smoking in such conditions is a threat. So stop it.
- Try performing respiratory exercises in order to keep your lungs healthy. So that it may tackle minor inflammations.
- Avoid triggering any unhealthy complications that trigger severe symptoms. In case you find any, consult your health professional.
4. Diabetes: Diabetes of Type1, Type2, or gestational increases the risk of developing COVID-19. Diabetic patients have a higher level of sugar in their blood than a normal person. They are more likely to develop health complications related to diabetes, such as heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, urinary tract infection and many more.
Think of it; alone diabetes can cause so much of health complications which can make it difficult to overcome COVID-19. If you are a diabetic patient, this is enough to let you know that you need special care during this Coronavirus outbreak.
Additionally, there is always a loophole so here are some actions that a diabetic patient should take care off, such as:-
- Consume your diabetes pills and insulin regularly, do not miss it.
- Keep monitoring your sugar level in your blood every four hours of a regular interval of time.
- Take care of all preventive measures as a responsible diabetic patient, such as take care of sugar intake, avoid any infection or physical damage, be regular with physical activities, etc.
5. Haemoglobin Disorders: Such disorder includes sickle cell disease(SCD) and thalassemia which leads to severe multi-organ complications, such as heart disease, liver disease, iron overload, diabetes, viral infection, or weak immune system. All such health complications are enough to increase the risk of developing COVID-19.
Every problem has a solution. Similarly, some precautions can help you to keep you away from Coronavirus, such as:-
- Consult your health care professional about managing medications and therapies for you that includes hydroxyurea, chelation therapy, blood transfusions, and prescriptions of pain management along with other conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and arthritis.
- Try avoiding vaso-occlusive episodes or pain crises by providing possible triggers.
- Try to be familiar with the disorder and keep monitoring your haemoglobin content in your blood.
- Develop healthy habits that help your body to maintain the optimum amount of haemoglobin in your blood.
- Know SCD resources and thalassemia resources in order to navigate care, increase knowledge, and awareness of SCD and thalassemia.
- Be in touch with a healthy blood donor and also ask your family to do so.
6. Immunocompromised: It is a condition in which the immune system of a person becomes weak is called immunocompromised. It can be a result of health complications, such as cancer, bone marrow, organ transplant, HIV with low CD4 cell count or prolonged use of corticosteroids and other immune weakening medications.
People with a weak immune system have reduced ability to fight against infectious diseases, such as COVID-19. Even though the knowledge on Coronavirus is still limited, based on the case study of COVID-19 patients, it is clear that patients with immunocompromised remain infected by Coronavirus for a more extended period of time as compared to other COVID-19 patients.
Do not worry in case you fall under this category. Still, you can help yourself by taking some preventive measures, such as:-
- Be regular with the regular with your medication and physical activity. Do follow the instructions of your health care professional.
- Immediately seek for medical help if you experience any unhealthy condition.
7. Liver Disease: Such medical conditions mainly involve cirrhosis that increases the risk of serious illness because of COVID-19. Treatment of Coronavirus produces strain on the liver. If a patient is already suffering from liver disease and has a weak liver will have to face serious difficulty for his body to treat COVID-19.
Thus, this medical condition increases the risk of getting infected by Coronavirus. Although there are preventive measures that can help you to deal with it, such as:-
- Consume your medications according to your health care professional.
- Take preventive measures in food items that are necessary for the betterment of your liver.
- Be in touch with your doctor and keep monitoring your liver health.
Also Read: 5 Deadliest Viruses Of All Time
8. People of Age Above 65 years: In a study is has been noticed that most of the Coronavirus infected patients were about the age of 60-65 years. Although, the virus can affect people with any age group. With the increase in age, the risk of getting infected by the virus increases. But in the U.S every eight out of ten COVID-19 patient is above 60-65 years. Additionally, it has also been observed that the risk of death is highest in adults above 85 years of age.
In the other context, chronic diseases are common in older adults, and this cannot be denied that they have a weak immune system as compared to young people. This increases the change of developing COVID-19 in these people.
Despite these, there are precautions that will help you to fight against Coronavirus effectively if you are under this condition, such as:-
- Do not neglect the medications and instructions provided by your health care professional.
- Follow a developed plan that summarizes your health conditions along with the going on treatment.
- Try to avoid going out of the house; keep yourself quarantine.
- Always remember you are at the highest risk of getting infected by the virus, so live your life accordingly.
9. People Living In Nursing Homes: In the U.S, many cases have occurred with adults living in nursing homes or long term care facilities. Older adults with underlying medical conditions living in nursing homes are at higher risk of developing COVID-19.
Although here are some actions that will help you remain safe, such as:-
- Always follow your doctor’s instructions of ways to prevent the infection.
- Inform the staff in case you fell sick.
- Ask the caretakers to monitor the actions that are being taken at your nursing home, such as limiting visitors, avoid the crowd.
10. Severe Heart Conditions: Severe heart conditions include heart failure, coronary artery disease, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and pulmonary hypertension. Such medical conditions increase the risk of developing COVID-19.
Severe health condition affects the respiratory system of a person, such as insufficient oxygen supply to lungs, lack of sufficient supply of oxygen to the body, etc. Consequently, such condition increases the chance of getting infected by the Coronavirus.
Prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, here are some preventive measure that a person suffering from severe heart condition should follow, such as:-
- Continue taking your medicine according to your health care professional, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors(ACE-I) or angiotensin-II receptor blockers(ARB).
- Stock your medications so that you dont have to keep your heart waiting for the medicines.
- In case of hypertension, monitor your blood pressure regularly and do take all sort of preventive measures to manage and control your blood pressure.
11. Severe Obesity: Severe obesity results in severe breathing issues, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS). It is a significant factor that increases the risk of getting infected by COVID-19. Apart from this, people having severe obesity have multiple serious chronic diseases that increase the risk of becoming the victim of Coronavirus.
Some measures can help you to deal with such situations, such as:-
- Perform regular exercises.
- Be consistent with your medications.
- Monitor your weight and keep yourself motivated for losing weight
Last but not least, this doesn’t mean that only these people suffering from such severe health complications need to take special care of themselves from COVID-19. The Coronavirus does not affect people by looking at their health issues, it can affect anyone irrespective of age or gender.
Therefore, people who have managed themselves to keep their body away from the above mentioned severe diseases also need to take care of themselves. It is because some people might not get affected for an extended period of time, but they can transmit the virus, Coronavirus.
Keep following social distancing, frequent hand washing, fully covered clothes and other guidelines from either transmitting or becoming infected by Coronavirus.
‘Always remember, we together can make the difference.’