Diabetes is one of the most common problems in today’s time. It is endemic to society today. According to the studies, around 208,000 children are found to have diabetes and this number is increasing gradually. Since we already know that there are two types of diabetes 1 and diabetes 2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report which said that type 2 diabetes affects 0.24 children in every 1000.
The children suffering from diabetes increased by 21 percent between the year 2001 and 2009. In most of the cases, a kid when exposed to the virus is likely to get type 1 diabetes. Since Type 1 is not contagious, therefore it cannot transmit from one person to another person.
There is a common myth that eating too much sugar can make you diabetic which is completely wrong. Type 1 diabetes is actually caused when your immune system starts destroying the beta-cells that produce insulin which is released by pancreas. Sometimes diabetic could be genetic as well. People have a belief that high blood sugar is a root cause of diabetes which is not the case. It could be one of the symptoms but not the reason behind diabetes.
What do you know about Diabetes in Children?
Type 1 Diabetes in children is often called Juvenile Diabetes. In this, the pancreas stop producing insulin.When it is not produced, sugar is unable to travel from the blood into the cells, which could be harmful to the body. Children who have Type 1 diabetes take lifelong insulin injections and need to regularly monitor their blood sugar level. Children must exercise regularly in order to balance their sugar level.
Type 2 Diabetes is not much found in juveniles. When the production of insulin does not take place in a normal fashion, it leads to reduced production of insulin. In that case, the body could not use insulin well and leads to Type 2 diabetes.
What are the symptoms of Diabetes in Children?
The children’s age is a growing age. The signs and symptoms start developing at a greater rate in them.
Following are the symptoms of Diabetes in children:
- Loss of Weight: It is a common sign of diabetes. Children tend to feel that they are eating too much, but despite the fact, they lose the weight. It could be because the energy that you get from the food burns down the muscle for energy. It also breaks down other energy sources that will result in weight loss.
- Yeast Infection: Girls having Type 1 diabetes may have the infection in the genital area. There is also a possibility that babies generate rashes around their diaper area.
- Fatigue: High or low blood sugar level can directly cause fatigue in children. Lack of sugar in children may make them lethargic.
- Being Hungry all the time: When your child’s cell doesn't get enough insulin, energy gets lost, this triggers extreme hunger.
- Blurred Vision: If the level of blood sugar is too high, the fluid may be pulled out from the eye which leads to blurred vision in children.
How to ensure early detection of Diabetes?
It is better to ensure that a child is suffering from diabetes or not. Awareness must be created among children so they if any changes occur in their regular lifestyle, they tell the parents as soon as possible.
The United Kingdom has launched a campaign in 2009, that introduced the concept of 4 T’s of Diabetes.
1. T - Thirsty
2. T - Toilet
3. T -Thinner
4. T - Tired
If a child is showing any of the signs of this concept, it is high time you consult the doctor and get a proper check-up.
How to make children know about Diabetes and manage it?
- Get along with your child and know his/her feelings: Try to know your child’s feelings well. Sometimes, children misunderstand the problem going on with them. They feel that they have done something wrong, and are being punished for it. They could get depressed and feel a sense of hostility towards their parents. To avoid such situations, it is essential for parents to sit with their children, and try to understand their feelings.
- Encourage Self-Determination in your child: Lack of confidence could be a downfall for your kid if he is a diabetic. He must be able to handle all his activities, that need to be carried out in diabetes, for example, they need to be able to monitor their glucose levels, take care of the diet that they are following, exercise and other things
.So, it is required for parents to encourage confidence in children and keep them motivated.
- Create a routine: Establishing a daily proper routine can help your child manage diabetes. Motivating your child to eat at regular intervals of time, intake of more nutritional food items and do not skipping meal could be some of the few steps that would boost a child to control his diabetes.
- Once diabetic, always diabetic.
- They should know, which food items are best for them.
- They should know when to inject insulin and they should do it independently.
- It is not contagious.
- It can happen to anyone.