All you need to know about vomiting and nausea
What are Nausea and Vomiting ?
Nausea and Vomiting are symptoms that can make it difficult for you to perform regular activities.
Nausea is a condition in which you feel sick to your stomach and you have a feeling of throwing up or a sensation preceding vomiting. Vomiting is a condition in which you empty your stomach by throwing up what is there in your stomach. Nausea and vomiting can happen together or one without the other.
Causes and symptoms of Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are not considered as diseases but it can be a sign of health issue or it may be due to any disease which can lead to complications, such as brain tumor, cancer, Heart attack etc..The most reported cause of nausea and vomiting in all age group is gastroenteritis. Some of the common causes of nausea and vomiting are:
- Intense pain
- Infection or virus
- Medicine - Nausea and vomiting can be an effect of any medication.
- Motion sickness
- Gastrointestinal tract
- psychogenic vomiting
- Excessive alcohol etc..
Psychogenic vomiting occurs due to psychological distress and it is not related to food ingestion. Neurological disorders can also be a cause of nausea and vomiting. This type of disorder includes health problems such as a migraine, increased intracranial pressure, labyrinthine disorders and demyelinating disorders. According to studies, dehydration is not a cause problem of nausea and vomiting. It occurs quickly with vomiting and if not treated can become life-threatening. Adults have less risk of falling under this condition as they have an ability to identify the symptoms of dehydration such as thirst, dry lips and can deal with this issue all by themselves but dehydration has become a cause for children. Children are unable to identify the issue and are more prone to be dehydrated. It is the duty of their parents to make their body hydrated.
It is important to identify the alarming symptoms of nausea and vomiting and some of the symptoms include unintentional weight loss, nocturnal symptoms, evidence of anemia etc.. Symptoms like fever, body rashes, cough, diarrhea may indicate infection. Consult the doctor immediately if nausea remains for few days and vomiting lasts for more than a day.
Treatment for Nausea and Vomiting
If nausea and vomiting are mild then it can be treated at home
- Maintain proper nutrition- Maintaining proper nutrition is necessary to treat nausea and vomiting. One can eat as much as tolerated but should eat light food and don’t upset your stomach again.
- Keep yourself hydrated
- Avoid lying flat after eating
- Avoid spicy, fatty and ones with a strong odour
- Avoid mixing liquids and solid
- Take small meals when hungry
If you experience any alarming symptoms then physician consultation and psychological tests would be helpful. Normally three-step approach is recommended for the evaluation of nausea and vomiting. Firstly, the evaluation and the treatment of the consequences of nausea and vomiting is done. Secondly, a cause of the problem is evaluated and is treated. Lastly, therapy to improve symptoms is initiated is not cause if found. A blood panel may help in identifying the causes of nausea and vomiting such as inflammatory process, pancreatitis etc.. Arterial blood gas sampling can help in identifying metabolic disturbance and endoscopic investigation can also reveal gastric outlet obstruction such as the presence of food residue in the stomach. There are many medications available to treat nausea and vomiting such as antiemetic which is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.
Share this with your friends and family to make them aware of the medications and some home treatment for nausea and vomiting. Medicines are easily available at Online drug pharmacy.