Vitamins play an important role in the proper functioning of the body and each vitamin has its own role in the body. Deficiency of vitamin can lead to many health problems and it is necessary to ensure that your body doesn’t lack any vitamin.
1. Vitamin A
Vitamin A is important for the functioning of many organs of the body such as vision, immune system, embryonic development etc.. It protects the cornea that is the surface of the eye. It is required by the retina of the eye and combines with the protein opsin to form rhodopsin which is required for the color vision. Vitamin A also plays a role in the functioning of the immune system. It increases the amount of T Cells through the mechanism that increases the Interleukin 2 and regulatory T cells are important to regulate the strength of immune system. Vitamin A is also essential for embryonic development. Embryonic development is the stage when an embryo is formed and develop. Vitamin A is important for the growth and the formation of eyes, ears, heart etc.. Egg yolk, carrot, sweet potato are some of the sources of getting Vitamin A.
2. Vitamin B
There are eight B vitamins that are important to keep the body running, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12. It is important for the immune function, iron absorption, energy production. It also promotes healthy skin and prevents memory loss. Vitamin B is found in the whole processed food and good sources to get Vitamin B are pulses or beans, whole grains, potatoes, banana, chilly pepper, nutritional yeast etc..
Vitamin C is also known as ascorbic acid. It is an essential nutrient that is required to repair the tissues and for the production of certain neurotransmitters. It is required for the functioning of several enzymes and for the functioning of the immune system. It also works as an antioxidant. An antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules. Good source of getting Vitamin C are broccoli, raw bell peppers, strawberries, citrus fruit etc..
4. Vitamin D
Vitamin D can be taken in an adequate amount through an exposure to sunlight. It plays a significant role in the movement and regulations of calcium ions in and out of various body compartments. It also helps in metabolism. The supplement of Vitamin D is given to treat osteomalacia and rickets. Osteomalacia is a condition of softening of bones that is due to the deficiency of vitamin D or calcium. Rickets is softening and weakening of bones in children and it is a condition of extreme deficiency of Vitamin D. Apart from an exposure to sun, egg, fish, and mushrooms are also the good source of Vitamin D.
5. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an enzyme activity regulator that plays a role in the smooth muscle growth. The deficiency of Vitamin E occurs as a consequence of abnormalities in dietary fat absorption or metabolism. The deficiency of vitamin E can cause many health issues such as peripheral neuropathy (damage to the peripheral nerve that causes numbness and pain in the hands and feet), myopathies (condition in which muscle fibre does not work properly), retinopathy (damage to the retina of the eyes) etc.. Fortified cereals, nuts, seeds are some of the good source of Vitamin E.
6. Vitamin K
Vitamin K is an essential nutrient that responds to the injuries and prevents blood clotting. The deficiency of vitamin K can lead to the blood clotting, excessive bleeding, and even osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition in which an increases bone weakness increases the risk of bone damage. Green leafy vegetables are the best natural source of Vitamin K and this is because green leafy vegetables are directly involved in photosynthesis.
Share the importance of Vitamins in the body with your family and friends to create awareness among them. Also, share your opinions in the comment section below.