Manage Your Diabetes In These Simple Ways

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder of the metabolism of carbohydrates in which the glucose in the blood is underutilized or overproduced. This results in the situation of hyperglycemia. Diabetes mellitus is often present with characteristic symptoms such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, sudden vision changes, dry skin, and tingling and numbness in hands. Diabetes mellitus is of three types:

Diabetes type 1 - This type of diabetes occurs when the body no longer makes insulin that is sufficient enough to regulate glucose level in the blood.

Diabetes type 2 - This type of diabetes occurs when the body no longer uses insulin efficiently.

Gestational diabetes - This type of diabetes develops when a woman is pregnant and it often goes away when a baby is born.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which if left uncontrolled can lead to some serious problems with the blood vessels. Heart, nerves, eyes, and legs. Hence an effective treatment of diabetes attains top priority.

Patients having diabetes need to manage their diabetes in a correct way. Management of diabetes is extremely important. Management is important but at the same time knowing the correct way to manage is vital. There are various factors that affect the glucose level in the blood and it is necessary to know all the factors that can affect glucose.

Here is the list of all the factors that can have a significant impact on a diabetic patient:

1. Physical Activity

Evidence suggests that many of the people who have the best control over their diabetes are those who are involved in regular physical activity. Regular exercise is beneficial for every human being but for a diabetic patient, it can work wonders. There are many health benefits of regular physical activity and are known to play a role in the prevention of diabetes in patients who are at high risk and for the management of diabetes in diabetic patients.

The primary goal of managing diabetes is to maintain glucose level in the blood, blood pressure and cholesterol level in order to prevent or delay the development of complications of diabetes. Exercise helps in making the heart strong and relieve the tension from the body, as a result, it make the working of insulin more efficient.

Regular physical activity is one of the easiest and effective ways to regulate glucose level in the blood. Exercise has a beneficial effect on glucose as insulin. It makes the insulin more sensitive and lowers the glucose level in the blood.

2. Stress

We all must have had experienced stress in our lives. Stress is a normal part of lives is not harmful on the body, until it begins to interfere is daily activities. Stress is basically defined as a body’s response to act or react to difficult situations. It is a body’s way to rising to a challenge and preparing oneself to meet a difficult situation. As the level of stress increases, it has a significant impact on the health of an individual and could lead to the development of various health problems, including diabetes mellitus.

Under stress, the human body releases a large number of hormones that can oppose the working of insulin. Insulin is the main regulator of glucose in the blood. The primary role of these hormones is to release glucose in the body in the form of glucose and fat and is made available to the cells in the body. As a result, fuel is provided to the body. Although this is an adaptive response in the healthy people, in diabetics it can lead to an absolute lack of insulin and an increase in glucose level in the blood.

Also, stress is one of the major risk factor for obesity or weight gain and in return, obesity is one of the major risk factors for diabetes. It is widely believed that people who are obese or overweight are at high risk of developing diabetes and a higher risk of complications.

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3. Diet

There is no doubt in saying that what we eat have a direct impact on the health of an individual and the importance of diet increases when an individual suffering from some health problem. Diet and nutrition also has an effect on diabetic patients. Unhealthy diet increases the risk of developing diabetes and in diabetic patients, the risk of developing complications increases to a great extent.

It is a well known fact that diabetes mellitus is connected to carbohydrate, fat, and lipid. Therefore nutrition plays an integral part in diabetes management. The diet control in diabetes mellitus have two rules:

The amount of nutrition supplied to the diabetic patients should be limited to the minimum necessary for maintaining the body weight at an appropriate level as well as leading the normal life. Patients having diabetes should avoid excessive intake of calories.

The supply of nutrients should be in a good balance. When the important and right amount of nutrients are supplied to the patients, the risk of developing complications in patients having diabetes is reduced.  

4. Sleep

Sleep plays a vital role in keeping the body healthy. Sleep is essential for life and whenever sleep is impaired for a long duration, it starts to affect the health of an individual. Defects in sleep quality and quantity can lead to the occurrence of metabolic errors and cardiovascular dysfunctions. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder and defect in the quality and quantity of sleep have an impact on the glucose level in the blood.

Lack of sleep affects the metabolism of carbohydrates and this can have a significant impact on insulin response. Lack of sleep affects the production of various hormones that have an effect on the glucose level in the body.

5. Hydration

Water is essential for living. Drinking plenty of water is an easy way to reduce the effects of various health problems, including diabetes mellitus. Drinking plenty of water is important for the management of diabetes. There are various reasons for this, One of the most important reason is that diabetes causes frequent urination as its necessary symptom, which reduces the amount of water in the body. As a result, the need for water in the human body increases. This is why excessive thirst is the primary symptoms of diabetes.

Also, appropriate hydration in the patient having diabetes mellitus is decreasing the risk of complications.  Lack of hydration can significantly make the condition worsen and a patient is more likely to suffer from serious complications.

Regular blood sugar check

This is one of the most important steps need to be taken by every diabetic patient. In fact, not only diabetic patient, researchers suggest that every adult should get its blood sugar check after every interval. This will help to keep a check on the glucose level in the body. When a diabetic patient keeps a record of his or her level of glucose in the body, helps in understanding the goods and bads for their health.

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