Menopause in men- everything you need to know about it
It is known that women go through menopause after reaching a certain age which leads to certain mental and physical changes in them. But did you know that according to recent studies men also experience menopause once they hit the age of 55-60 years? When men go through menopause (andropause), the testosterone level drop in them and they experience symptoms like low libido, weight gain, lack of sexual drive, depression, hair loss, etc.
HOW TO IDENTIFY MENOPAUSE?
Identifying menopause is quite convenient as it is marked by the stoppage of their menstrual cycle. But when we talk about the same in men, there is no such borderline. The changes are slow and subtle. The symptoms include mood swings, loss of muscle mass, hyperhidrosis, prostate enlargement, low energy level, and decreased sex drive. Some other reported symptoms are the inability to walk more than 1 kilometer, difficulty engaging in any vigorous activity, bending, stooping, sadness, poor concentration, feeling of worthlessness and insomnia.
WHY MENOPAUSE HAPPENS?
You must be surprised to know that after the age of 30 years, the level of testosterone starts falling down in men. The average rate observed is 2% per year. It implies that most of the men in their 70s are running on 40% less male hormones compared to what they had when they were 30 years old. But, this downfall is completely natural and is not considered as the single reason for menopause in men. There are many other health concerns that play a very major role in bringing up the menopause in men. The decreasing level of testosterone does not affect young males as much as it does to older men. Diseases like heart failure, obesity, abnormal blood pressure and diabetes add on to the ill effects of menopause in men. Unhealthy lifestyle, lack of physical activities, smoking, excessive smoking, stress, anxiety, sleep deprivation are also a reason for the same. When it combines with low testosterone, the problem of menopause occurs in males.
HOW TO TREAT MALE MENOPAUSE?
Since the condition for menopause is not made clear by science yet, its treatment range from exercise to diet to medication. The treatment procedure is not described and totally depends on the symptoms of patient and understanding of the doctor. For example, a patient with diabetes will be advised to lower sugar intakes while a patient with obesity will be directed to become physically active and have a balanced and healthy diet. Similarly, a patient with signs of depression and anxiety may be asked to visit a psychologist, in order to help him with medication or therapy, or both.
A detailed check-up, including blood tests and diagnostic tests, may be carried out to detect any cardiovascular disease. Please go for a testosterone therapy, if your doctor recommends you to do so, although the success rate of this treatment is not crystal clear yet and needs more research. Please note that it can increase the risk of a blockage in the urinary path and you may also develop prostate cancer. In addition to that, it may also lead you to ischemic heart diseases, epilepsy and sleep apnea.
There is a whole range of vitamins which are available on various online drugstores and claim to treat the problem of male menopause as it is one of the fastest growing health problems in the world. But, there are contradictory reviews about the use of such vitamins and herbs. According to some researchers, such supplements have not proven effective as the primary treatment for the decline in the testosterone level, and some of them can be really harmful if taken in inappropriate dosage.
Concluding it all, menopause in men is not proved to be a medical issue yet. It is more of the fusion of certain medical issues with decreasing number of testosterone in males. And this fusion makes the problem worse if combined with low self-esteem, guilt, and stress. The ultimate solution to male menopause is to have a proper diet, maintain a healthy lifestyle and do not have any drug which you are not sure of. As far as depression and stress are concerned, you can always ask for help from a medical expert or from your partner.