Middle East Respiratory Syndrome: A Condition Caused By Coronavirus
Some health complications do not require an introduction because of their effect on human life, such as Coronavirus. Coronavirus is a large set of viruses, and consequently, it can cause various complications, including the common cold, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS).
What Happens In Coronavirus?
COVID-19 is a large class of viruses that causes various health complications. The major ones are Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS) caused by a type of coronavirus- Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus(MERS-COV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus(SARS-COV).
This article is about the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) caused by Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus(MERS-COV).
What Is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS)?
The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) occurs due to MERS-COV, which was first reported in Saudi Arabia in September 2012. The first case of MERS was found in Jordan in April 2012, and all such cases had one thing in common- Arabian Peninsula.
The largest known Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) outbreak occurred in the Republic of Korea in 2015 because of a traveler from the Arabian Peninsula.
Almost 35% of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) infected people have died, and most of the transmission occurred between humans.
The most common Middle East Respiratory Syndrome symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. The chance of getting pneumonia also increases after getting infected with MERS.
What Are The Symptoms Of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS)?
This section indicates the frontline symptoms of coronavirus disease as MERS symptoms, such as:-
- Shortness of breath
Here are some of the uncommon symptoms related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) that may or may not occur, such as:-
- Kidney failure
According to the reports, people with some of the pre-existing medical complications died after getting infected by Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS). Such medical complications include:-
- Chronic Lung Disease
- Chronic heart Disease
- Chronic Kidney Disease
Usually, people infected with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) start facing common symptoms after 5 to 6 days of getting exposed and will last upto 10-14 days.
How Is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) Transmitted?
There are two ways of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) transmission, such as:-
- Non-human to human transmission: It is still unclear about the transmission of the virus from animals to humans. It has been found that dromedary camels are the major reservoir of MERS-COV and an animal to the human source of transmission.
- Human to human transmission: The traces of transmission between humans have been identified, but it’s not that easy. It occurs when there is close contact, such as providing unprotected care to an infected human or when infection prevention and control practices are inadequate or inappropriate.
Now when people are aware of transmission methods among humans, they take care of some of the measures to prevent it from spreading.
Therefore, human to human transmission has been limited and has been identified only either among family members, patients, or health care workers.
Initially, all the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) cases were either travel through to, residence in, countries in, and near Arabian Peninsula.
80% of the cases were from Saudi Arabia because of unprotected contact with infected dromedary camels. The cases outside the Middle East are linked with people traveling through the Middle East.
How To Prevent Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) From Transmitting?
As the virus belongs to the coronavirus family, there is no specific way to cure Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS), and the scientists are still working on it.
As people are aware of ways of getting infected by the virus both from humans and animals, there are some preventive measures against Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, such as:-
- It is recommended to wash your hands more often. Try to wash your hands frequently with water and soap or sanitizer for at least 20 seconds. Recommend this to young children as well.
- Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue while coughing and sneezing, and through that after use. Do cover your mouth and nose if anyone around you is doing the same.
- Do not touch your face frequently, especially without washing your hands.
- Avoid personal contact, such as kissing, sharing cups, or eating utensils with people who you dont know or if they have MERS symptoms.
- Always clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects like doorknobs.
Is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) Curable?
Some traces have not been identified, such as animal to human transmission. Consequently, there is no specific way of treating Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) in humans.
Instead, people infected with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) are cured by resolving Middle East Respiratory Syndrome symptoms. In the case of severe cases, current treatment involves care for vital organs that are affected by the infection.
Who Are At A Greater Risk Of Getting Infected With MERS?
Some people are at a higher risk of getting infected by the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS), such as:-
- People who have recently traveled from the Arabian Peninsula.
- Frequent travelers from the Arabian Peninsula with ill or even symptoms of being ill.
- People are directly related to the confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS).
- People who are exposed to camels or Middle East Respiratory Syndrome cases without taking safety measures are also at risk of getting infected.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) In The U.S
Currently, people of the United States are at low risk of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) infection as the cases are very less in the country. In 2014, two people from Indiana* and Florida was tested positive for MERS, and they both worked in Saudi Arabia.
The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention and other public healthcare are continuously and closely monitoring the MERS cases across the country. People traveling to different countries, especially the Middle East, are being reported to CDC at the Customs and Border Protection(CBP).
The country is using Advanced Molecular Detection(AMD) methods to sequence the complete MERS-COV for further research.