Parkinson’s Disease: Symptoms & Prevention


Parkinson's is known to be one of the most common neurological disorder after Alzheimer's disease. About 1 million of the total population in America is believed to have this disease. Nearly 60000 of them are diagnosed with Parkinson's disease every year. And thousands of others remain undetected.

US residents spend about $25 billion every year, including medication and treatment costs. 

What Is Parkinson's Disease?

It is a type of movement disorder in which the dopamine-producing nerve cells in the substantia nigra of the brain go through degeneration. It is one of the most common neurological diseases that are sometimes also referred to as Parkinson's, Parkinson, or PD. 

People usually get this disease in adulthood, because the symptoms appear gradually on the victim's body.. In the majority of instances, the causes that lead to the condition remain unknown. But surveyors have found that several genetic mutations can cause PD in some cases. Also, exposure to certain pesticides can sometimes cause the disease. Regardless of the cause, PD is set off against the death of nerve cells that produce dopamine in the substantia nigra. 

 What Are The Symptoms Of Parkinson's Disease?

Following are some of the most common Parkinson’s disease symptoms:

Muscle Rigidity

People with PD experience stiffness in muscles, which makes it difficult for them to make facial gestures and other physical movements. 


Bradykinesia refers to slow movements in individuals that make day-to-day tasks difficult and tedious. 


In Parkinson's, tremor is very common. It usually starts in one leg, hand, or foot and gradually affects other parts of the body. It occurs when the limb is at rest or in a relaxed position. 

Balancing Issues

People suffering from Parkinson's disease face problem with balance.. They may get injured or fall quickly, or their posture may become crooked.

Nerve Pain

You may get a feeling of uneasiness - numbness, coldness, burning. 

Excessive sweating

You may sweat excessively than usual when you've got struck by PD, which is another common symptom of the disease.

Excessive Saliva Production

You may experience excessive drooling. In this, the management of the flow of saliva in and outside of the mouth becomes difficult. You will face trouble swallowing in the later stages of this disease.


You may feel sleepy all through the day and experience trouble sleeping at night. 

Writing difficulty

Writing becomes a challenging task, and also, your handwriting can appear smaller than usual. 

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What Are The Risk Factors For Parkinson's Disease?

As we have discussed above in the article, most of the causes of Parkinson's remains unknown, although some of them may increase the chances of getting the disease. Some reasons are unavoidable, while some objects can be avoided by making specific changes in the lifestyle. 

Age and Gender

Age and Gender are significant factors that can lead to PD or Parkinson's disease. Studies have found that older adults who are above the age of 60 are more likely to get the disease as compared to younger adults. Further, men are at a higher risk of getting the disease as compared to women.

Environmental Causes

Exposure to certain chemicals like herbicides and pesticides can increase your chances of getting the disease.

Genetic Mutations And Family History

If you have someone in your family with Parkinson's disease, you are at a higher risk of developing the disease. However, if you don't have multiple family members with the disease, there is not much risk. Also, sudden genetic mutations can lead to Parkinson's.

Head Trauma

Head trauma or head injuries can raise the risks of PD to a certain level. So, if you are a sports person, wear proper headgear while playing. In case of experiencing a bang on your head while playing, seek appropriate medical assistance.


While smoking can cause several health issues, scientists have found that people who smoke have fewer chances of getting PD. 

What Preventive Measures Can We Take?

You can take specific preventive measures to reduce the risk of Parkinson's disease. Some of them are listed below:

Eat Fresh Fruits And Vegetables

Incorporate fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet and get rid of several bugs, including Parkinson's disease. Particularly, eat vegetables containing vitamin B and folic acid. These two nutrients are found in most of the dark-green vegetables like broccoli, spinach, okra, asparagus, brussels sprouts, etc. These vegetables can be grown in your courtyard with ease and are a good source of folic acid. Legumes, lentils, and avocados are rich in vitamin B that you need to consume.

Buy Organic food

Nowadays, various fertilizers are utilized to grow vegetables. It increases your chances of getting affected with Parkinson's disease. So, whenever you go to groceries, make sure to go for organic products. Certain chemicals are still present in products that have an organic label. Just try to know the origin of the products before buying them. You can also grow some fruits and vegetables in the garden of your house and reduce the risk.

Drink Green Tea Frequently

Drink green tea twice or thrice a day as it has an endless number of health benefits associated with it. Some of them are listed below:

  • Helps in losing weight
  • Rich source of antioxidants
  • Improves brain functioning
  • Prevent Cancer
  • Improves dental health
  • Reduces the risk of Parkinson's disease
  • Increases life span
  • Prevents several cardiovascular diseases

Do Aerobics 

Involve yourself in some physical activities or exercises regularly. You can achieve the following health benefits by exercising for at least 45-50 minutes daily:

  • Boosts your energy levels
  • Good for muscles and bones
  • Improves sleep quality 
  • Prevents several diseases
  • Aids in weight loss 
  • Increases concentration power
  • Acts as a stress-buster

Include More Of Omega-3 Fatty Acids In Your Diet

Omega-3 fatty acids prevent cell degeneration and death. The benefits associated with its intake is not limited to the prevention of PD. Some of the most popular ones are :

  • Improves eye health
  • Reduces anxiety and depression
  • Reduces the risk of inflammation
  • Minimize the symptoms of ADHD in children
  • Improves mental health
  • Reduces the risk of Alzheimer's disease
  • Improves bone and joint health


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