Apart from the post menstrual syndromes, women also go through another menstrual disorder termed as premenstrual dysphoric disorder. The symptoms of PMS and PMDD are similar in a lot of contexts.
However, premenstrual dysphoric disorder causes significant emotional and physical distress. This is a hormone-induced syndrome that is known to be debilitating and affects nearly 10% of menstruating women worldwide.
- The premenstrual dysphoric disorder is known to inculcate both psychiatric and physical symptoms.
- The symptoms typically arise during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle i.e. once the ovulation is completed and just before periods begin.
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder lasts from 12 to 14 days and causes intense abdominal pain making a woman incapable of doing the simplest task.
- They are also known to cause significant mood disturbances and impact both personal and professional life of the woman.
- Women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder impair overall functioning and adversely affect the overall quality of life.
- Women often take the premenstrual dysphoric disorder similar to as the PMS syndrome.
We are often advised that these are hormonal changes and they might adapt with time. The premenstrual dysphoric disorder is sometimes misdiagnosed as bipolar disorder due to the behavioural dysfunctions that are experienced during this condition and therefore incorrect medications are prescribed.
The severity of this disorder can extend up to social withdrawal and also force a woman to undergo -
- rapid mood swings
- suicidal effects postpartum depression
Mostly doctors who are capable of diagnosing the disease correctly within the time prescribe, anti-anxiety and depression medications and also birth control pills. Birth control pills act effectively thereby regulating menstruation every month and put a huge impact on the occurrence of anxiety, pain, and depression.
Being a hormone-regulated mood disorder, the premenstrual dysphoric disorder usually affects women during the leutal phase of the menstrual cycle and lasts until the menstrual flow begins. The leutal phase is the time just after ovulation and just before the menstrual flow. The symptoms are usually within this time frame causing an extension of mood disorders
Common signs and symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder emerged during the twenties and may include the following:
- tension panic attacks
- brain fogging
- food cravings
- decrease energy
- poor concentration
- changes in appetite
- sudden mood changes
- loss of interest in daily activities
- social withdrawal
- sadness the entire day
- overwhelming feeling
- swelling of extremities
- muscle pain
- joint pain
- lethargy and
Causes And Risk Factors
Hormonal changes are the primary causes of premenstrual dysphoric disorder along with biological phenomena. It is also responsible for physiologic symptoms and includes the risk factors as below:
- family history of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder
- age of the women
- history of mood disorder
- history of anxiety disorder
Natural Ways To Relieve Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Symptoms
Intake Of Calcium
For women suffering from the premenstrual dysphoric disorder, calcium supplements of 1000 milligrams to 1200 milligrams daily have been reportedly known to cause improvement.
Calcium is also known to relieve women of menstrual pain and also decrease pain levels significantly during menstruation. While there is no harm in taking calcium daily, women who are at the risk of developing PMDD symptoms over time or are facing the symptoms currently can start taking calcium tablets or supplements.
Vitamin B Complex Nutrient
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder related to menstrual cramps depression and mood swings in women can be counted with 50 milligrams of vitamin b6 nutrients daily.
When taking a vitamin supplement, more than 50 milligrams is not advised and doctors also advise taking vitamin b6 rich foods. Some of the best foods comprising vitamin b6 nutrients can include turkey breast, tuna, avocado, and pistachio nuts.
Vitex Before Breakfast
Also known as chaste berry, vitex is used to relieve premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms, along with countering the effects of swelling, menstrual cramps, food cravings, and breast pain.
Elevated levels of prolactin are associated with breast sensitiveness causing breast tenderness. 400 milligrams of vitex before breakfast can relieve breast pain and also regulate proper menstrual cycles.
A word of caution for those who are on vitex that it may interfere with birth control pills, estrogen supplements, and antipsychotic medication. It is best to take the consultation of a doctor before admitting them.
St. John's Worts
Doctors advise admitting 900 milligrams of St. John's Worts daily to relieve menstrual, premenstrual and postmenstrual symptoms. This may include getting away from anxiety, aggression, and depression. St. John's worts are known to improve the physical and behavioral symptoms of the postmenstrual syndrome.
If a woman is continuing birth control pills that include
- Prilosec or
- any form of medications to treat HIV
- should avoid consuming St. John's worts. St. John's worts are also not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women. It may cause bipolar disorder, schizophrenia major depression in them.
Omega 3 Fatty Acids Daily
Omega 3 fatty acids are key ingredients in fighting premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms. Approximately 12 grams daily have significantly reduced premenstrual syndrome symptoms.
Women who look for greater improvement over a short span of time can switch over to Omega 3 fatty acid capsules and supplements.
Peppermint Essential Oil
For women experiencing premenstrual dysphoric disorder headaches can switch to peppermint essential oil. It is one of the best remedies to get rid of headaches. Try applying this essential oil on the temples of the head to provide yourself for relief these are significantly more effective in clinical trials than a placebo for tension headaches.
A peppermint essential oil is termed as a natural painkiller and used across the globe in treating anxiety irritable bowel syndrome and for also arthritis pain.
If you know you are suffering from premenstrual dysphoric disorder the most important part is to take care of yourself. This may sound overwhelming and adversely affecting however, do not compromise on the quality of your life. Try to incorporate mindfulness exercise, meditation yoga and also avoid stressful events and emotional triggers.
It is imperative for you to find a way to relax and lose yourself into the environment. Try incorporating fresh fruits like watermelon, kiwi, and berries. If you continue to crave for sweet items, turn on two homemade white chocolate candies and Lava cakes and enjoy every bite.