These days, headaches are one of the most common complaints made by people. But at the same time, headaches are often ignored thinking them to be correlated with stress and tension. People are very busy with their work and they have no time to waste. Therefore, most often, people prefer taking painkillers whenever they experience a headache. Painkillers are easily available at any Rx pharmacy.
What is a headache?
A headache is characterized as a pain that can occur at any part of the head and it is carried by certain nerves that supply the head and neck. A headache can be defined as a sharp or throbbing pain or an ache.
Headaches are common health problem and stress is the most common cause of it. But sometimes, headaches are warning signs of some underlying conditions. It is important to understand that severe and persistent headaches should never be ignored. Basically, headaches are categorized into two types:
Primary headache - Primary headaches are the most common type of headache and this type of headaches are not associated with any medical condition.
Secondary headache - A Secondary headache are not very common and this type of headache is the result of some underlying condition.
Some of the common triggers of headache include:
There are many health problems that have a persistent headache as its symptom and some of the health conditions that might be the cause of a persistent headache are as follows:
A migraine is one of the most common problems that have a headache as its main characteristic. It is a common problem and millions of people throughout the world are living with this problem. Although a headache is the characteristic feature of a migraine, it is more than a headache. A migraine is a neurological problem which is characterized by episodic attacks of a headache, accompanied by symptoms like nausea, sensitivity to light, sound and head movement. Many people having migraine complains of dizziness, ear pain, sinus pressure, and sometimes fluctuating hearing loss.
Changes in brain activity and chemicals are known to contribute to the development of a migraine. According to the studies, migraine occurs due to swelling of the blood vessels in the scalp and tissues around the brain. This causes more blood to pump through the brain. There are certain migraine triggers and some of the migraine triggers are as follows:
- Environmental factors like loud voice
A migraine is a lifelong problem, but some simple measures can help in managing migraine such as avoiding migraine triggers. Triggers are not the same for everyone and every person might have different triggers. Similarly, symptoms that occur in a migraine may vary from one person to another.
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Meningitis is a serious disorder that is characterized by the inflammation of the membranes and cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds and protect the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be a result a result of both, infectious and non-infectious. Bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening condition that is caused by respiratory pathogens. Pathogens can spread from one person to another and once it is acquired, each species can colonize the mucosa of the nasopharynx and oropharynx. From there these species enter the blood and reach the meninges and leads to the development of meningitis.
A headache is the most specific symptom of meningitis and it is associated with a wide range of other symptoms as well. Some other symptoms of meningitis are as follows:
- Change in breathing pattern
Meningitis can occur in people of all ages, but it more common in children and older people. This is because people with a weak immune system are at the high risk of developing this disease.
3. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage is a serious disorder which occurs when the blood vessels either on or inside the brain begin to leak blood. This causes the blood to get settled into the space between the surface of the brain and the skull known as the subarachnoid space. Although blood can be settled to any part of the brain, when it is settled in subarachnoid space, it is known as subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Many people having subarachnoid hemorrhage complains of experiencing the worst type of headache of their life. This disease is associated with the occurrence of multiple symptoms such as:
Subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs due to the ruptured brain aneurysm. An aneurysm is an area in the wall of the brain artery and bulges out and cause the blood vessel to get thinner until it breaks and it is known as rupture. There are certain medical conditions that increase the risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage and some of the medical conditions include high blood pressure, arteriovenous malformation and genetic factors.
4. Subdural Hematoma
A subdural hematoma is a serious disorder which is characterized by the accumulation of blood inside the skull but outside the brain. The bleeding occurs within the layers of tissues surrounding the brain and when the blood is collected in the dura, it is known as subdural. Most often, subdural hematoma results from sudden shaking of the skull as it can lead to the tearing of the small blood vessels that bridge between the skull and the brain.
A severe headache is the most common feature of subdural hematoma and is accompanied by several other symptoms as well. Some other symptoms of this disease may include:
5. Head injury
Head injury is defined as a traumatic brain injury that involves damage to the structures other than the brain such as the scalp and skull. Head injury is often accompanied by a persistent headache that might affect you frequently. Head injury can have various causes and the symptoms that occur due to head injury depends on the severity of the injury and the cause of it.
Headaches are very common and we all must have experienced it at least once. But it is essential to understand that a persistent headache should never be ignored.
Share this post with your family and friends and make them aware of some possible causes of headache. Stay Safe, Stay Healthy!!
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