Some Unknown Possible Causes Of Sudden Weight Gain


Sudden change in weight is always a topic of concern. Weight gain is associated with increase in an intake of calories and decrease in physical activity. But sometimes, people experience sudden weight gain even without any change in the intake of calories and energy expenditure. Many a time, sudden weight gain is an early sign of some disease and here is the list of some of the diseases that can result in sudden weight gain.

1. Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease which occurs in women of childbearing age and it is one of the most common disorder among women these days, almost one in every ten women are suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome is basically a disease which occurs due to hormonal imbalance. This disease has a high impact on a woman as it affects the periods, fertility, hormones and the appearance of a woman.  

High level of androgens is known to play an important role in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome. When the level of androgen becomes high than required, it prevents the ovaries to release an egg during the menstrual cycle. Polycystic ovary syndrome is associated with a wide range of symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycle, acne, thinning hair, darkening of the skin, weight gain and hirsutism. Hirsutism is a condition which is characterized by too much hair on the face chin and other parts of the body.

Most often, women having polycystic ovary syndrome complain of sudden weight gain or their inability to lose weight. It is one of the common complaints among women having polycystic ovary syndrome.

2. Dysthymia

Dysthymia is a depressive mood disorder that is characterized by persistent depression. Dysthymia is basically a type of mild depression that lasts for at least two years, but most often it lasts for many years. Although dysthymia is less severe than chronic depression, the symptoms that are associated with dysthymia can have a negative impact on relationships, work, and social interaction. People having dysthymia experience a wide range of symptoms but they are accompanied by at least two of the following symptoms:

  • Overeating or poor eating
  • Low self-esteem
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Feeling of hopelessness

Many people having dysthymia tend to overeat, which results in an increase in an intake of calories and increases the risk of gaining weight. Dysthymia is accompanied by the feeling of hopelessness and sadness and patient is so drained by this disease that he or she finds it difficult to do even a small task. Most often, dysthymia runs in a family and studies suggest that women are more likely to develop this disease as compared to men.


Also Read : Some Diseases Whose Prevalence Are Very High 

3. Cushing syndrome

Cushing syndrome is a  rare condition which occurs due to excessive cortisol level in the body. Normally, cortisol is produced by the adrenal glands and allows the body to respond to stressful conditions. Some of the symptoms that are associated with Cushing syndrome include

  • Superficial fungal infection
  • Growth retardation
  • Increased supraclavicular and dorsocervical fat
  • Increased lanugo hair
  • Proximal myopathy

Weight gain and irregular menstrual cycle are said to be the early warning signs of this disease and according to the researchers, women are more likely to suffer from cushing syndrome as compared to males. Most of the patients having cushing syndrome experience sudden weight gain. Some other symptoms that might occur in patients having cushing syndrome include muscle weakness, extreme tiredness, high blood pressure, increased thirst and frequency to urinate. Sometimes cushing syndrome is also accompanied by impairment in the cognitive system and causes problems with memory and concentration.

4. Hypothyroidism

There are some pieces of evidence that suggest that there is a strong relationship between thyroid disorders and weight gain. Thyroid hormones are important hormones for the normal functioning of the body. These hormones are produced by the thyroid gland and the primary function of these hormones are metabolism. These hormones are very important but any variation in the level of these hormones can affect the functioning of various organs of the body.

Hypothyroidism is a condition which occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormones that are sufficient enough to fulfill body needs. When the thyroid gland produces more than the required amount of thyroid hormones, it is known as hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is linked to high body mass index and low metabolic rate and this is one of main cause why people who suffer from hypothyroidism more often complain of sudden weight gain. Whenever thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone, the body weight of an individual is affected. Hypothyroidism or thyroid dysfunction is associated with the impairment of various body organs. It is correlated with various complications and obesity is one of its complications. It is more common in women as compared to the men.