A medical test is a test that is performed to monitor the health of a person and to diagnose or detect disease. Regular medical tests play a vital role in maintaining the health of a person as regular medical tests prevent the development of complications associated with the diseases. There are many reasons that explain why regular tests are important for living a healthy life and some of the reasons include:
- You must have heard that “Prevention is better than cure”, well that's exactly why regular medical tests are important. Regular medical tests allow the doctor to detect any health problem at an early stage. Many times health problems are detected before it develops and can be controlled through changes in lifestyle. Therefore, prevents the development of diseases.
- There is no doubt to say that the treatment of any disease involves high healthcare cost. Therefore, detecting a health problem before it becomes a disease cuts health care costs.
We can say a regular health check-up allows our body to stay healthy. In today’s hectic schedule, we often fail to fulfil all the requirements of the body such as adequate intake of nutrients. In fact, almost all of us are involved in unhealthy lifestyle habits that increase the risk of developing health problems. Therefore, the need for regular health checks up increases. Primarily there are six medical tests that every person must have:
1. Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is one of the most common health problems, affecting millions of people. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of the arteries. The blood pressure continues to rise or fall throughout the day but when it remains high or low for a long period, the risk occurs.
It is important for the blood pressure to remain normal so that the blood can continue to do its job. Changes in blood pressure increase the risk of developing chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular disease.
High blood pressure often remains undiagnosed until it is checked or affects other parts of the body. Regular screening of blood pressure decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The screening of blood pressure is done by wrapping a cuff around the upper arm of a person. The healthcare professional places the stethoscope against the inside of elbows and listens to the heartbeat.
2. Blood sugar level
The sugar level in the blood needs to be controlled to prevent the development of multiple health problems. Both high blood sugar level (diabetes mellitus) and low blood sugar level (Hypoglycemia) are risk factors for multiple problems. In medical terms, when the glucose level in the blood becomes too high, it is known as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is an extremely common disease and a large number of people are living with this problem.
Diabetes mellitus is a disease which is associated with many other diseases such as heart disease, eye disorder, neurological disorders etc.. Early detection through sugar level tests improves the outcome of diabetes mellitus. Many times, sugar level tests help to know that the levels of high before it develops diabetes and can be treated without medicines.
3. Body Mass Index
A body mass index is basically a tool that helps to know the body fatness. It is used to measure a weight adjusted to height. Multiple studies have shown that the levels of body mass index are strongly associated with fat accumulation in the body and future health risks. Body mass Index helps to know if the body is in an adequate amount or not.
High body mass index indicates the occurrence if one of the common metabolic disorder, known as obesity. Obesity is a disease which is characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the body. Measuring body mass index allows us to know the availability of fat in the body. Having high fat than required asks for weight management such that the risk of being overweight reduces. High body mass index is associated with many health problems. In fact, high body fat affects almost every part or organ in the body.
The thyroid gland is a gland that is located in the neck and is responsible for secreting two important hormones in the body. Any dysfunction in the thyroid gland could lead to fluctuations in the level of thyroid hormones in the body which can cause multiple symptoms and problems. There are two thyroid problems - hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. When the level of thyroid hormones becomes high than normal, it is known as hyperthyroidism. When the level of thyroid hormones becomes less than normal, it is known as hypothyroidism.
Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism cause problems in the body. Most of the time, people fail to recognize that they have thyroid dysfunction as thyroid dysfunction does not cause any noticeable symptoms at an early stage. Therefore, thyroid tests help to confirm the healthy thyroid gland.
5. Eye test
Research suggests that a large number of people across the world are living with some type of eye disorder and a large proportion of people. Including children, adults, and elderly’s wear eyeglasses. There are a large number of eye problems that can affect a person at any age and may not cause any noticeable symptoms. Glaucoma is one such eye disorder which is very common, serious, and requires a test to detect it. It is a serious problem. In fact, if it is left untreated, it can cause vision loss.
Therefore, regular eye checkup is important to keep the eyes healthy. A vision problem can have many causes and can be treated. But it required detection.
6. Blood cholesterol
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance which is available in two categories - Low-density lipoprotein (Bad cholesterol) and high-density lipoprotein (Good cholesterol). Good cholesterol plays an important part in the body to have a normal body function. But too much of bad cholesterol in the blood significantly increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
High cholesterol level is one of the most common causes of cardiovascular disease which is often detected after a screening. Therefore, screening of cholesterol level is essential for a healthy life.