Some Common Oral Health Disorders

Many people fail to realize the importance of oral health. It is essential to understand that having a healthy mouth and teeth is important for overall well being of an individual. Maintaining oral hygiene such as brushing and flossing, or other factors helps in preventing the development of many oral disorders.

Although oral disorders can have an oral or non-oral source, most often it results due to poor oral hygiene. Some of the most common oral disorders that can be prevented by taking some preventive steps are as follows:  

1. Halitosis

Halitosis, commonly known as bad breath is a disorder which causes unpleasant breath that is offensive to others. Bad breath occurs by molecules like sulfur compounds, aromatic compounds, nitrogen-containing compounds, amines which can be caused by pathological or non-pathological reasons. It can result from both oral or non-oral sources. There are various causative factors of bad breath, but the most common causes of bad breath include periodontal disease, the bacterial coating of the tongue, systemic disorders and different types of food.

Halitosis or bad breath is one of the common condition and it is estimated by approximately 50% of the general population suffer from bad breath. it is characterized by an unpleasant odor that comes from mouth air or breath.

Although bad breath can be a result of oral and non-oral sources, most often the source is the oral cavity. Oral cavity creates a condition in the environment that allow bacterias to grow. There are more than 500 species that are capable to produce odorous compounds and causes halitosis.

2. Xerostomia

Xerostomia, commonly known as dry mouth is an oral health problem, characterized by the lack of saliva in the mouth and it occurs when the salivary glands fail to function normally, resulting in insufficient production of saliva. Dry mouth is one of the common causes of bad breath.

Studies suggest that dry mouth significantly impairs the quality of life of the sufferer as it is associated with a wide range of symptoms such as infections of the tissues of the mouth, altered sense of taste, difficulty in eating and swallowing, and problems with eating.

There are various causes of xerostomia which can be mild or serious. Sometimes, dry mouth can be a result of stress, whereas, sometimes it can a warning sign for some serious underlying medical condition. In certain cases, dry mouth can cause burning tongue syndrome. It is a condition which occurs when lack of moisture in the mouth and makes the tongue to become very sensitive.

3. Tooth decay

Tooth decay, commonly known as dental caries is an oral health problem which starts in the enamel, which is the outer protective layer of the tooth. Tooth decay is a chronic and infectious disease which occur when there is a formation of a sticky film of bacterias on the teeth, known as plaque. It causes damage and breaks down of teeth.

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Tooth decay is accompanied by pain and sensitivity to cold, hot, sweet, and sour. Untreated tooth decay can cause complications and lead to the occurrence of symptoms like infection, fractured teeth, loss of teeth, and chronic pain. Some of the causes of tooth decay include lack of oral hygiene, high intake of sugar, eating disorders, irregular dental care, excessive drug or alcohol abuse, and certain medical conditions. Some of the noticeable symptoms of tooth decay are as follows:

  • Food frequently gets trapped in between teeth
  • Increased sensitivity
  • Pain around the mouth
  • White or black spots on the teeth

4. Mouth ulcers

Mouth ulcers is a painful condition which is characterized by sores that develop on the inside lining of the mouth. There are a variety of things that can cause damage to the inner lining of the mouth and leads to the occurrence of mouth ulcers. Some of the possible causes of mouth ulcers include:

  • Mistakenly biting the inside of the cheek
  • Brushing in a rough way
  • Some hormonal changes
  • Excessive stress
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Certain medical conditions

Mouth ulcers can be of various types and it depends on the size and the severity of the disease. The severity of this disease can range from mild to serious, which depends on the cause of it.