thyroid eye disease

Check Out Here If You Have Any Symptoms Of Thyroid Eye Disease

Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune condition in which the eye muscles, eyelids, tear glands, and fatty tissues become inflamed. This results in red, swollen, and uncomfortable in the eyes and eyelids, pushing the eye forward.

 

Thyroid eye disease is also called Graves Orbitopathy or Ophthalmopathy, which is caused as a result of Graves disease. In this condition, the body's immune system attacks the tissues surrounding the eye, resulting in thyroid eye symptoms.

 

Thyroid eye disease happens in people when their thyroid is overactive, underactive, or functioning normally. People with thyroid eye disease need a frequent medical examination of their eyes even after getting treated with Graves disease.

 

How Common Is Thyroid Eye Disease?

The same thyroid eye disease cases are unknown, but the disease is more likely to occur during middle age. But as per the National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S estimation, 16 out of every 100,000 women and 2.9 in every 100,000 men in the general population suffer from thyroid eye disease.

 

What Are The Symptoms Of Thyroid Eye Disease?

Below is an explained list of thyroid eye disease symptoms, if you experience any of these, do consult with your doctor.

Redness:

The most common symptoms of thyroid eye disease is redness in the white portion(conjunctiva) of the eye. Such autoimmune disease triggers inflammation causing redness in the eyes.

 

Such redness in the eye is a common symptom of other eye infections. This puts people in confusion about thyroid eye disease and other infections in the eye. Usually, people take such symptoms in a very casual way increasing the risk of thyroid eye disease.

 

Excessive tearing or Grittiness:

Thyroid eye disease also results in a range of eye complications, such as dryness or too much tearing. In the case of dryness, artificial tears can help you keep your eye nourished.

 

Swelling: 

Another common sign of thyroid eye disease is swelling. Swelling or puffiness is a severe symptom of thyroid eye disease. If the swelling is mild, you can treat it with steroids, but the severe symptoms cannot be treated with it.

 

Bulging of the eye: 

Bulging of an eye, also known as proptosis, occurs when inflammatory cells in the orbit of the eye become activated, stimulating the orbital tissue to expand.

 

This causes the muscles surrounding and moving the eye to enlarge and the fat around the eye as a cushion also thickens. Consequently, this makes the eye appear more prominent and bulkier, tending the eye to bulge forward.

 

Also Read: Know about common vision disorders

 

Thyroid stare: 

In case of bulging eyes, the eyeballs tend to bulge forward, pushing the eyelids back. This makes the muscles that open or close the eyelids bulky. Thyroid stare can cause difficulty in closing or opening the eye.

 

Double Vision: 

Severe thyroid eye disease will lead to double vision, also known as diplopia. One complication can lead to another if the difficulty is left untreated. The same goes with double vision, it occurs when thyroid stare is left untreated.

 

Loss of vision: 

Every complication caused by thyroid eye disease is interrelated to each other. Swelling, bulging of the eye, and thyroid stare compresses the optic nerves responsible for vision. Once this nerve is compressed, you will start losing your vision. Vision loss is one of the common symptoms of thyroid eye disease.

 

Thyroid eye disease has multiple severities of stages and can go into periods of remission. Such complication usually lasts from six months to two years. The bitter part is, the person will remain unaware of it for upto six months because the symptoms are not severe enough to get noticed by anyone.

 

If you experience the symptoms as mentioned earlier consistently for six months or more, be careful. Consult with your eye specialist without delay. 

 

How Can I Reduce Swelling From Thyroid Eye?

There are some ways to help you get relief from the symptoms of thyroid eye disease, such as:-

Use eye drop: 

People with thyroid eye disease usually face dryness, irritated eyes, while some may face excessive tearing. For these symptoms, using eye drops can help you relieve such symptoms. 

 

Consult eye specialist: 

Thyroid eye disease is a condition with typical symptoms of eye inflammation. Thus, it can be easily ignored by people thinking that it might be a minor infection. 

 

If the complication continuously lasts for more than six months, do consult with the doctor and get it treated. It is a matter of sense organ, do consider it seriously.

 

Avoid smoke: 

Smoke, when it comes in contact with the eye, can affect the lubrication. Thyroid eye disease causes eye dryness or excessive tearing. Coming in contact with the smoke may increase the severity of the condition. Thus avoid secondhand smoke contact.

 

When it comes to any complications in the sense organ, it is always better to take special care, especially when it comes to organs and inflammation related to your vision. If you experience any of the following symptoms for more than six weeks, please consult with the doctor.