Erectile dysfunction is one of the most common men health problems throughout the world and it is accompanied by poor and depressed quality of life. Multiple studies suggest that erectile dysfunction is not a disease, instead it is a sign of an underlying condition.
What is Erectile Dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction is defined as a condition in which a man finds it difficult to attain and maintain an erection that is sufficient enough to have a satisfactory sexual intercourse. Not able to attain or maintain erection does not necessarily means erectile dysfunction but when it becomes persistent, then it is defined as an erectile dysfunction.
There is no doubt in saying that sexual health plays an important role in maintaining the physical as well as emotional well being. It adversely affects the life of the sufferer as well as of his partner. Erectile dysfunction is also associated with relationship difficulties as well. Erectile dysfunction is not a single problem but it is associated with various psychological problems as well, such as tension, marital status, low self esteem, depression, and anxiety.
What are the causes of erectile dysfunction?
There is no single cause of erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction can result from various factors. There is a myth that erectile dysfunction results only from an advancing age, but it is not true. It can be caused by other factors as well. In fact, according to one of the studies, when a man becomes old, the functioning of the systems or the organs of the body start to decline and this is one of the reasons for failure in attaining a penile erection. Erectile dysfunction can affect a man of any age, it does not necessarily affect a man of an advancing age.
Erection requires a combination of neurovascular and biochemical pathways as it allows the relaxation of cavernosal smooth muscle and dilation of the cavernosal artery. Penile erection can be impaired by various problems:
- Penile abnormalities can impair erections and it may include foreskin problems, penile curvature, fibrosis in the corpus cavernosum and benign and genital dermatoses.
- Neurological disorders can also affect the penile erection and some of the neurological disorders that can cause erectile dysfunction include Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, autonomic neuropathies, endothelial dysfunction, spinal cord injury, and strokes.
Various studies suggest that there is a strong correlation between the cardiovascular disease and development of erectile dysfunction. The link between the two is due to the involvement of endothelial dysfunction and small atherosclerosis. This impairs the smooth muscle relaxation. An erection requires adequate smooth muscle relaxation and an adequate amount of blood flow to the penis region. Cardiovascular disease has an impact on these two and results in failure to attain and maintain penile erection.
Diabetes is also known to be one of the most common causes of erectile dysfunction. Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the blood glucose level in the body becomes too high and start to affect the functioning of the body systems. Diabetes also has a role to play in the occurrence of erectile dysfunction. The high glucose level in the blood affect the nerves in the penile region which disrupts the flow of blood in the penile region.
What are the drugs to treat erectile dysfunction?
There are many drugs that are recommended by the doctors to men who suffer from erectile dysfunction. Although there are a large number of drugs, drugs that belong to the class of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors are the most commonly recommended drugs for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Some of the common drugs that belong of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor include Cialis, Blue pill, Viagra, and Levitra.
What are the natural ways to treat erectile dysfunction?
Although there are drugs that can treat erectile dysfunction, certain natural ways and lifestyle changes can increase the efficacy of these drugs. Some of the natural ways are as follows:
- Quit smoking
- Limit the consumption of alcohol
- Eat healthy food
- Exercise regularly