The liver is an organ of the body that is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen and below the diaphragm. It is an accessory digestive gland whose functions include the production of bile that helps in the breakdown of fat. It detoxifies metabolites and produces biochemicals that are essentials for digestion. There are many other roles of the liver such as its role in metabolism.
Symptoms of liver damage
There are many symptoms that act as warning signs and signals that the liver is in danger.
- Pain in the upper right quadrant
- Pale stool color
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Swelling of the ankles and legs
Cirrhosis is a condition of long term damage to the liver and the functioning of the liver is affected. In this condition, the normal liver tissue is replaced by the scar tissue. Symptoms like tiredness, easily bruising, yellow skin etc. are seen in this disease. It is mostly caused by alcohol, non-alcoholic fatty liver, hepatitis B, hepatitis C etc..
2. Liver Cancer
Liver cancer is the most common type of cancer and cirrhosis is the leading cause of it. Weakness, weight loss, yellowish skin, easy bruising are some of the symptoms of liver cancer. Liver cancer can also form from the structures that are within the liver such as immune cells, bile duct etc..
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver tissue and it is mostly caused by the viruses. There are five types of viral hepatitis - A, B, C, D, E . Poor appetite, tiredness, abdominal pain, diarrhea etc. are some of the symptoms of hepatitis.
4. Primary biliary cholangitis
Primary biliary cholangitis is an autoimmune disorder of the liver and that slowly damages the liver. It results in the destruction of the bile ducts of the liver. Tiredness and itching are the common side effects of this disease.
Ways to keep the liver healthy
- Regular physical activity
- Quit smoking
- Adopt healthy lifestyle
- Drink plenty of water
Medicines that are used to treat the liver problems are Alcoliv and Pangraf. Other than medications many treatments are also available to treat liver diseases. There are many people who are suffering from the liver disease and it should be noted that any disease should not be left untreated.
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